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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets »

Source: Business Cycles in Emerging Markets : The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions

Volume/Issue: 2011/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455259380

Keywords: real business cycles, durables, financial frictions, business cycles, total consumption, interest rates, business cycle, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper examines how durable goods and financial frictions shape the business cycle of a small open economy subject to shocks to trend and transitory shocks. In the data, nondurable consumption is not as volatil...

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?1

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?1 »

Source: Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?

Volume/Issue: 2019/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Stefania Fabrizio , and Kodjovi Eklou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484387771

Keywords: Oil prices, Demand elasticity, Gasoline prices, Cost of living, Energy prices, Retail fuel prices;Fuel Subsidies;Export growth;Developing countries.;fuel price increase;non-fuel;fuel price;price shock;energy price

This paper investigates the impact of domestic fuel price increases on export growth in a sample of 77 developing countries over the period 2000-2014. Using a fixed-effect estimator and the local projection approac...

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Stefania Fabrizio , and Kodjovi Eklou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387771.001

ISBN: 9781484387771

Keywords: Oil prices, Demand elasticity, Gasoline prices, Cost of living, Energy prices, Retail fuel prices;Fuel Subsidies;Export growth;Developing countries.;fuel price increase;non-fuel;fuel price;price shock;energy price

This paper investigates the impact of domestic fuel price increases on export growth in a sample of 77 developing countries over the period 2000-2014. Using a fixed-effect estimator and the local projection approac...

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets
			: The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets : The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259380.001

ISBN: 9781455259380

Keywords: real business cycles, durables, financial frictions, business cycles, total consumption, interest rates, business cycle, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper examines how durable goods and financial frictions shape the business cycle of a small open economy subject to shocks to trend and transitory shocks. In the data, nondurable consumption is not as volatil...

Recovery in Asia: Social agenda is a necessary prerequisite for poverty reduction and growth

Recovery in Asia: Social agenda is a necessary prerequisite for poverty reduction and growth »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 28/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451925616

Keywords: financial system, structural adjustment, structural adjustment facility, contingency financing, international financial ? architecture

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes

Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Urban and Rural Household Saving in China

Urban and Rural Household Saving in China »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...