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A Tale of Transition
			: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009

A Tale of Transition : An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Haiyan Ding , and Hui He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560008.001

ISBN: 9781475560008

Keywords: Time series, China, People's Republic of, Consumption distribution, Transition economies, Income distribution, China, Asia and Pacific, Household expenditures, Household survey data, Income inequality

This paper is the first comprehensive empirical study of earnings, income, and consumption inequality in urban China from 1986 to 2009, using unique micro-level data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS). The paper...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition »

Volume/Issue: 2018/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Karam , and Dirk Muir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357200.001

ISBN: 9781484357200

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium; open economy macoeconomics; small open economy; open economy simulation, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium, open economy macoeconomics, small open economy, open economy simulation, Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission

China and Australia have increasingly strong links, especially through trade. These are driven by demand from China for Australian commodities (coal and iron ore) and services (tourism and education). These links a...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Can Good Events Lead to Bad Outcomes? Endogenous Banking Crises and Fiscal Policy Responses

Can Good Events Lead to Bad Outcomes? Endogenous Banking Crises and Fiscal Policy Responses »

Volume/Issue: 2006/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Celine Rochon , and Andrew Feltenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865233.001

ISBN: 9781451865233

Keywords: Banking failures, fiscal policies, banking, bank failures, budget deficit, banking system, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

In this paper, we study the impact of labor market restructuring and foreign direct investment on the banking sector, using a dynamic general equilibrium model with a financial sector. Numerical simulations are per...

China and Asia in Global Trade Slowdown

China and Asia in Global Trade Slowdown »

Volume/Issue: 2016/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gee Hee Hong , Jaewoo Lee , Wei Liao , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484368565.001

ISBN: 9781484368565

Keywords: trade linkages, trade elasticities, spillovers Author’;s E-Mail Address: ghong@imf.org, jlee3@imf.org, wliao@imf.org, dseneviratne@imf.org

Asia and China made disproportionate contributions to the slowdown of global trade growth in 2015. China's import growth slowed starkly, driven by both external and domestic factors, including a rebalancing of dema...

China's Capacity Reduction Reform and Its Impact on Producer Prices

China's Capacity Reduction Reform and Its Impact on Producer Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2018/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linxi Chen , Ding Ding , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375914.001

ISBN: 9781484375914

Keywords: China, Asia and Pacific, capacity reduction, supply-side structural reforms, producer price index, Time-Series Models, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes

In late 2015, the Chinese authorities launched a policy to reduce capacity in the coal and steel industries under the wider effort of Supply-Side Structural Reforms. Around the same time, producer price inflation i...

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389706.001

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime »

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302029.001

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

China's Financial Interlinkages and Implications For Inter-Agency Coordination

China's Financial Interlinkages and Implications For Inter-Agency Coordination »

Volume/Issue: 2016/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Min Liao , Tao Sun , and Jinfan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530490.001

ISBN: 9781475530490

Keywords: financial landscape, risks, policy coordination

China's financial system has become very large, diversified, and interconnected. This changing financial landscape could potentially produce systemic risks, arising primarily from growing financial interconnectedne...