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Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

China
			: Statistical Tables and Charts

China : Statistical Tables and Charts »

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451807714.002

ISBN: 9781451807714

Keywords: expenditure, financial institutions, bonds, total expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Russian Federation
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module

Russian Federation : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module »

Volume/Issue: 2004/288

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833058.002

ISBN: 9781451833058

Keywords: budget law, budget code, budget execution, annual budget

This report on the Russian Federation's Observance of Standards and Codes reports on the fiscal transparency module. Russia has achieved considerable progress in fiscal transparency and financial management since 1...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834970.002

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1996/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834963.002

ISBN: 9781451834963

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt service, external debt, expenditures, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues Paper and Statistical Appendix presents a summary of the tax system as of December 1995 of Sao Tomé and Príncipe. It describes the exchange and payments system. The paper highlights that the cu...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834987.002

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tome and Principe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835007.002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Current Situation and a Way Forward

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward »

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869712.001

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China

Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China »

Volume/Issue: 2014/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuanyan Zhang , and Steven Barnett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484349953.001

ISBN: 9781484349953

Keywords: Fiscal Vulnerabilities, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, Land Finance, Gross Financing Needs, fiscal deficit, fiscal debt, fiscal data, fiscal activity, General,

China weathered the global financial crisis better than most, thanks to a large and timely stimulus. This stimulus, however, was mainly in the form of off-budget infrastructure spending and thus not visible in the...

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations
			: The Chinese System in Perspective

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations : The Chinese System in Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 1997/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934816.001

ISBN: 9781451934816

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, stabilization, local governments, intergovernmental fiscal relations, local taxes, fiscal relations, intergovernmental fiscal

This paper provides an overview of recent Chinese reforms to introduce a modern system of fiscal federalism that balances the need for central macroeconomic control with the economic advantages of decentralized gov...