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Africa in the Doha Round
			: Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975796.003

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Intraregional Trade in Emerging Asia

Intraregional Trade in Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2004/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975062.003

ISBN: 9781451975062

Keywords: Economic integration, Trade, emerging Asia, intraregional trade, export markets, export growth, trading partners, intermediate goods, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

The share of emerging Asia in world trade has increased sharply over the past 25 years. A large part of this increase is the result of booming intraregional trade. This paper investigates the key factors behind the...

Selective Government Interventions and Economic Growth
			: A Survey of the Asian Experience and its Applicability to New Zealand

Selective Government Interventions and Economic Growth : A Survey of the Asian Experience and its Applicability to New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 1993/17

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965384.003

ISBN: 9781451965384

Keywords: Economic policy, New Zealand, New Zealand, Trade liberalization, private investment, public investment, productivity growth, labor market

Since the mid-1980s, New Zealand has been engaged in a broad-ranging economic reform program--involving liberalization of key sectors of the economy, reduction in trade protection, and trimming of the public sector...

Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813012.002

ISBN: 9781451813012

Keywords: interest rates, structural reforms, economic outlook

This paper focuses on euro area policies. The monetary policy stance remains appropriate for now. Fiscal policies are falling well short of consolidation requirements, and the area remains insufficiently prepared f...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2002/99

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451816839.002

ISBN: 9781451816839

Keywords: fdi, foreign companies, investment, external trade, financial markets

This Selected Issues paper examines the economic integration between Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the Mainland of China. Hong Kong SAR's economic links with the Mainland expanded rapidly in the...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 1

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 1 »

Volume: 53

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065093.024

ISBN: 9781589065093

Keywords: russia, trade flows, import duties, standard errors, trade restrictions, Capital Stock, Credit Market, Economic Shocks, Estimation Theory, Expertise

This first issue for 2006 is anchored by two papers on Russia. The opening paper discusses Russia and the World Trade Organization, and the concluding paper, by John Odling-Smee (former Director of the IMF's Europe...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866179.001

ISBN: 9781451866179

Keywords: regional trade agreements, gravity model, trade diversion, Mekong countries, panel data, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, rules of origin, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Is the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) in Asia a healthy development, or runs the risk of turning into an unmanageable "noodle bowl" in the future? The goal of this paper is to shed some li...

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime »

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302029.001

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Stefania Fabrizio , and Kodjovi Eklou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387771.001

ISBN: 9781484387771

Keywords: Oil prices, Demand elasticity, Gasoline prices, Cost of living, Energy prices, Retail fuel prices;Fuel Subsidies;Export growth;Developing countries.;fuel price increase;non-fuel;fuel price;price shock;energy price

This paper investigates the impact of domestic fuel price increases on export growth in a sample of 77 developing countries over the period 2000-2014. Using a fixed-effect estimator and the local projection approac...