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Equitable and Sustainable Pensions
			: Challenges and Experience

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616359508.071

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of government expenditure. Second, population aging means...

Finance & Development, June 1995

Finance & Development, June 1995 »

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451952643.022

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Finance & Development, March 2007

Finance & Development, March 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 44/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451953787.022

ISBN: 9781451953787

Keywords: finance, capital, monetary fund, capital flows, financial globalization, urbanization, urban poverty, press, slums, website

The Two Faces of Financial Globalization looks at the phenomenon of rising cross-border financial flows-credited with boosting growth in developing countries but also blamed for the emerging market crises of the la...

Finance and Development, June 2014

Finance and Development, June 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535037.022

ISBN: 9781475535037

Keywords: Finance and Development, monetary fund, governance, central bank, good governance

This chapter highlights various ways Asia's growth has affected the world economy. The chapter also shows that if currency trends continue, the Asian economy is expected to be larger than that of the United States...

Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change
			: A Guide for Policymakers

Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353933.071

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Efforts to control atmospheric accumulations of greenhouse gases that threaten to heat up the planet are in their infancy. Although the IMF is not an environmental organization, environmental issues matter for its...

IMF Research Bulletin, March 2008

IMF Research Bulletin, March 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 9/1

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959376.026

ISBN: 9781451959376

Keywords: fdi, foreign direct investment, investment, direct investment, financial flows, Foreign investments, Expertise, Export Processing Zones, International Economic Integration, North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta)

IMF research summaries on foreign direct investment (by Yuko Kinoshita) and on trade linkages and business cycles (by Julian di Giovanni and Andrei Levchenko); country study on Mexico (by Roberto Garcia-Saltos); li...

Mauritius
			: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Mauritius : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2005/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827811.002

ISBN: 9781451827811

Keywords: debt, interest, interest rate, deficit, public sector

This 2004 Article IV Consultation highlights that real GDP growth of Mauritius is expected to rebound to about 41/2 percent in 2003/04. This largely reflects the recovery of tourism and sugar production, and contin...

Russian Federation
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module

Russian Federation : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module »

Volume/Issue: 2004/288

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833058.002

ISBN: 9781451833058

Keywords: budget law, budget code, budget execution, annual budget

This report on the Russian Federation's Observance of Standards and Codes reports on the fiscal transparency module. Russia has achieved considerable progress in fiscal transparency and financial management since 1...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4 »

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067257.024

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...