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Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Source: Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets1/

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets1/ »

Source: Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874341.001

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852202.001

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2005/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861259.001

ISBN: 9781451861259

Keywords: fiscal effort, institutional variables, democratic accountability, fiscal adjustment, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

Using a panel dataset of 34 emerging market countries for the period 1990-2002, we examine the roles of various economic, political, and institutional variables in determining fiscal effort, as proxied by the prima...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852110.001

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies »

Source: Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2005/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861259

Keywords: fiscal effort, institutional variables, democratic accountability, fiscal adjustment, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

Using a panel dataset of 34 emerging market countries for the period 1990-2002, we examine the roles of various economic, political, and institutional variables in determining fiscal effort, as proxied by the prima...