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Accounting for Reserves1

Accounting for Reserves1 »

Source: Accounting for Reserves

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

Activation of a Modern Industry

Activation of a Modern Industry »

Source: Activation of a Modern Industry

Volume/Issue: 2002/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Danyang Xie , and Ping Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451843279

Keywords: industrial transformation, subsistence, skilled labor, unemployment, skilled workers, employment, unemployment rate

This paper constructs an integrated framework to disentangle the underlying economic mechanism of industrial transformation. We consider three essential elements for the analysis: skill requirements, industry-wide...

Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade? »

Source: Africa's Rising Exposure to China : How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Volume/Issue: 2013/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , and Estelle Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484311318

Keywords: spillover, panel data, econometrics, export growth, exporters, oil exporters, total exports, General,

The rapid growth in China's domestic investment in recent decades has generated a large appetite for global goods, including from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper estimates the impact of changes in China's inve...

After the Boom–Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

After the Boom–Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: After the Boom-Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2014/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498363518

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), commodity prices, output growth, Latin America, commodity exporters, exporters, commodity exports, Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies

After skyrocketing over the past decade, commodity prices have remained stable or eased somewhat since mid-2011-and most projections suggest they are not likely to resume the upward trend observed in the last decad...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries »

Source: Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866179

Keywords: regional trade agreements, gravity model, trade diversion, Mekong countries, panel data, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, rules of origin, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Is the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) in Asia a healthy development, or runs the risk of turning into an unmanageable "noodle bowl" in the future? The goal of this paper is to shed some li...