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VI Payments, Clearing, and Settlement System

VI Payments, Clearing, and Settlement System »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

Despite 16 years of economic reforms, the Chinese economy is still largely cash based. Furthermore, the share of cash payments in total payments has increased since the beginning of...

VII Instruments of Monetary Policy and Monetary Developments

VII Instruments of Monetary Policy and Monetary Developments »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

Prior to the reforms, monetary policy was implemented through the credit plan and the cash plan. As the credit plan was the financial counterpart of the physical or investment plan,...

VIII Developments in the Exchange System

VIII Developments in the Exchange System »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

The Chinese exchange system has changed at an accelerating speed during the past fifteen years from one in which access to foreign exchange was highly restricted and the exchange ra...

IX The Agenda for Developing a Market-Based Monetary and Exchange System

IX The Agenda for Developing a Market-Based Monetary and Exchange System »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

This section discusses the agenda for further financial reform in China toward a fully market-based system. It starts with a brief assessment of the achievements against which the t...

X Assessment and Conclusions

X Assessment and Conclusions »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

It is generally accepted that financial sector reform is a complex and highly country-specific undertaking, despite the existence of some general guiding principles regarding its pr...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

In 1978, China embarked on a gradual but far-reaching reform of its economic system. In December 1978, the Third Plenum of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party identified the principal contr...

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

1.1. Introduction In response to the worst economic crisis since the 1930s, government budgets and central banks have provided substantial support for aggregate demand and for the fi...

Chapter 2. Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy

Chapter 2. Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

2.1. Introduction It was tempting for macroeconomists and policymakers alike to take much of the credit for the steady decrease in cyclical fluctuations from the early 1980s on and t...

CHAPTER 3. “Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy”: Comments

CHAPTER 3. “Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy”: Comments »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

The paper by Olivier Blanchard, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia, and Paolo Mauro is an important contribution to the current debate on the causes of the failure of macroeconomics in general and many sophisticated fore...

CHAPTER 4. Toward a Stability-Oriented Policy Framework

CHAPTER 4. Toward a Stability-Oriented Policy Framework »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

In discussing the current macroeconomic framework, I will focus on the institutional aspects that have proved successful, in particular from the European perspective. These are central bank independence, the...