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Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity »

Source: Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Emerging Market Heterogeneity
			: Insights from Cluster and Taxonomy Analysis

Emerging Market Heterogeneity : Insights from Cluster and Taxonomy Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2015/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Zhang , and Yuan Gao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513587622.001

ISBN: 9781513587622

Keywords: growth, heterogeneity, cluster analysis, taxonomy, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper studies growth patterns in Emerging Market Economies (EMs) from the perspective on clusters and taxonomies. First, it documents developments over the past five decades in EMs and uses a cluster analysis...

Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction

Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction »

Volume/Issue: 2003/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Epaulard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849363.001

ISBN: 9781451849363

Keywords: Growth, Macroeconomic Policies, inflation, terms of trade, transition economies, trade openness, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

This paper investigates the link between macroeconomic performance and the change in the poverty rate among 47 episodes of growth and 52 episodes of economic downturn in developing and transition economies. We show...

Determinants of Growth Spells
			: Is Africa Different?

Determinants of Growth Spells : Is Africa Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510225.001

ISBN: 9781475510225

Keywords: International Growth, survival analysis, robustness, Bayesian Model Averaging, terms of trade, inflation, trade growth, per capita income, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

Do growth spells in Africa end because of bad realizations of the same factors that influence growth spells in the rest of the world, or because of different factors altogether? To answer this question, we examine...

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aart Kraay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846676.001

ISBN: 9781451846676

Keywords: growth, pro-poor growth, changes in poverty, pro-poor, distributional change, poverty line, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in ave...

China's Path to Consumer-Based Growth
			: Reorienting Investment and Enhancing Efficiency

China's Path to Consumer-Based Growth : Reorienting Investment and Enhancing Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2013/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Liu Xueyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309353.001

ISBN: 9781484309353

Keywords: Rebalancing, household income, consumption growth, consumption function, consumption over time, General, Analysis of Growth, Development, and Changes, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity,

This paper proposes a possible framework for identifying excessive investment. Based on this method, it finds evidence that some types of investment are becoming excessive in China, particularly in inland provinces...

Consumption Based Estimates of Urban Chinese Growth

Consumption Based Estimates of Urban Chinese Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484329672.001

ISBN: 9781484329672

Keywords: Income growth, CPI Bias, consumption expenditures, labor income, household expenditure, household characteristics, Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis, General, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

This paper estimates the household income growth rates implied by food demand in a sample of urban Chinese households in 1993-2005. Our estimates, based on Engel curves for food consumption, indicate an average per...

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330647.001

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Credit and Fiscal Multipliers in China

Credit and Fiscal Multipliers in China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sophia Chen , Lev Ratnovski , and Pi-Han Tsai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332160.001

ISBN: 9781484332160

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, Macroprudential Policy, Fiscal stimulus, Credit Growth, Multipliers, Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, General, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We jointly estimate credit and fiscal multipliers in China. We use the tenure of the provincial party secretary, interacted with the type of stimulus used in other provinces, to obtain separate instruments for prov...