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Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector »

Source: Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector : Exchange Rate or Structural?

Volume/Issue: 2015/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Naomi Griffin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

ISBN: 9781484364222

Keywords: Real exchange rate, structural changes, exchange rate, imports, demand, real effective exchange rate, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General,

The appreciation of the real exchange rate over the past several years is considered one of the key drivers behind the weak performance of Colombia's manufacturing sector in recent years. This paper examines the ef...

Trade and Financial Spilloveron Hong Kong SAR from a Downturn in Europe and Mainland China

Trade and Financial Spilloveron Hong Kong SAR from a Downturn in Europe and Mainland China »

Source: Trade and Financial Spilloveron Hong Kong SAR from a Downturn in Europe and Mainland China

Volume/Issue: 2012/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Papa N'Diaye , and Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502336

Keywords: Macroeconomic Interdependence, Growth, Global VAR, Applied General Equilibrium Model, Simulation, financial system, lending, portfolio, financial distress, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Hong Kong SAR was hit hard by the global financial crisis, which started out in the U.S. and spilled over to the rest of the world. Three years later, vulnerabilities in the euro area's financial system and concern...

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates »

Source: How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates : The Case of China

Volume/Issue: 2006/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , Steven Dunaway , and Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864809

Keywords: China&;amp;#x2019;s equilibrium real exchange rate, robustness tests, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation, current account balance, Demand and Supply of Labor: General

Increased attention is being paid to assessments of the actual values of countries' real exchange rates relative to their "equilibrium" values as suggested by "fundamental" determining factors. This paper assesses...

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Source: Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in China

The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in China »

Source: The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in China

Volume/Issue: 2011/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Dao , and Ruo Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455269464

Keywords: Real exchange rate, Sectoral Reallocation, exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, real appreciation, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: General, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

We examine the impact of real exchange rate fluctuations on sectoral and regional employment in China from 1980 to 2008. In contrast to theoretical predictions, employment in both the tradable and non-tradable sect...

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002 »

Source: The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China : 1980-2002

Volume/Issue: 2003/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451848922

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, real interest rate, exchange reserves, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models, Money and Interest Rates, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook

Based on China's experience between 1980 and 2002, a cointegrated vector autoregression model was established to explore the relationships among real interest rates, real exchange rates and balance of payments in C...

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence »

Source: Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence : Some Historical Perspectives

Volume/Issue: 2006/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anoop Singh , and Martin Cerisola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865127

Keywords: Macroeconomic Policy, Policy Design and Consistency, Economic Growth, Open Economies, fiscal policy, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, discretionary fiscal policy, exchange rates, Prices

This paper looks at the historical lessons that might serve to entrech Latin America's newly resurgent growth phase. It briefly reviews the post-World War II experiences in Latin America and Asia, focusing on the c...

Emerging Market Volatility

Emerging Market Volatility »

Source: Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

1. Overview of the IMF as a Financial Institution

1. Overview of the IMF as a Financial Institution »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The International Monetary Fund was founded some 70 years ago near the end of World War II. The founders aimed to build a framework for economic cooperation that would forestall the kinds of economic policie...

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The IMF resources are held in the General Department, which consists of three separate accounts: the General Resources Account (GRA), the Special Disbursement Account (SDA), and the Investment Account (IA)....