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Chapter IV. Will toil Market Continue to be Tight?

Chapter IV. Will toil Market Continue to be Tight? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2005 : Globalization and External Balances

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589064294

Keywords: remittances, debt, foreign assets, interest, oil prices

During most of the 1990s, real crude oil prices (expressed in 2003 dollars) fluctuated about $20 a barrel. Moreover, the oil market experienced periods of high volatility only during the Middle East conflict...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency?

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency? »

Source: Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency?

Volume/Issue: 2003/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858891

Keywords: Liability Dollarization, Monetary Credibility, currency debt, foreign currency, domestic currency, currency composition, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper explores the hypothesis that the dollarization of liabilities in emerging market economies is the result of a lack of monetary credibility. I present a model in which firms choose the currency compositio...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Source: The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt

Block I. Global Imbalances, Exchange Rate Issues, and Debt »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

...

Block II. International Financial Architecture

Block II. International Financial Architecture »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

In their opening remarks given to the Conference, Rodrigo Rato, Pedro Solbes and Jaime Caruana reviewed the history and future challenges of the IMF sixty years after its creation. They emphasize the role of...

Opening Speeches

Opening Speeches »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Opening Remarks by Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund: The IMF at 60—Evolving Challenges, Evolving Role Introduction: We...

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

The consensus opinion on China’s and Asia’s currency policy is that it is destabilizing and must ultimately come to a bad end. 1 The “undervaluation” of currencies in order to gen...

Macroeconomic Dynamics and the Accumulation of Net Foreign Liabilities in the US: An Empirical Model*

Macroeconomic Dynamics and the Accumulation of Net Foreign Liabilities in the US: An Empirical Model* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction The size of the external deficits run by the US through the second half of the 1990s and the beginning of the new century has raised controversial issues in the current...