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III. International Trade and Real Exchange Rates

III. International Trade and Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

The real exchange rate is one of the key relative prices in an economy, defining the rate of exchange between domestic goods and their foreign counterparts. As a result, changes in the exchange rate have eco...

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

Foreign direct investment (FDI) represents the acquisition by foreign residents of a controlling claim on firms (through equity) or on real estate, or further investment in an enterprise so controlled....

Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Francesco Caramazza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781455220038

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries ha...

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible : Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756923

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries have shifted away from fixed...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064379

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, foreign exchange budget

(Position as of December 31, 2005) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064379

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, foreign exchange budget

(Position as of January 31, 2005) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil : Policy Adjustment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Martin Sommer , Allan Auclair , Armand Fouejieu , Inutu Lukonga , Saad Quayyum , Amir Sadeghi , Gazi Shbaikat , Andrew Tiffin , and Bruno Versailles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781513520483

Keywords: Oil, Oil exporting countries, Oil exports, Oil prices, Oil producing countries, Oil product prices, Oil revenues, exporters, exchange rate, liquidity

This paper discusses the challenges posed by low oil prices in the MENA and CCA regions, the adjustment policies adopted so far, and remaining adjustment needs and future risks....

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066786

Keywords: Exchange rates, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices, foreign investment, exchange control

(Position as of February 28, 2007) Status under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066786

Keywords: Exchange rates, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices, foreign investment, exchange control

(Position as of March 31, 2007) Status under IMF Articles of Agreement...

V The Initial Impact of the Asian Crisis on the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

V The Initial Impact of the Asian Crisis on the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

Financial and Foreign Exchange Markets Financial and foreign exchange markets in a number of the countries comprising this group have been significantly affected by the Asian crisis....