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Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Phil Stokoe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331651.001

ISBN: 9781484331651

Keywords: China, Asia and Pacific, Government Statistics, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, General

China's official general government accounts do not include off-budget quasi-fiscal spending unlike the IMF's augmented government accounts. This paper argues that the broader concept of augmented government remain...

China's Local Government Bond Market

China's Local Government Bond Market »

Volume/Issue: 2018/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , and Jingsen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378410.001

ISBN: 9781484378410

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China; Local Government; Subnational fiscal balance; bond market, China, Local Government, Subnational fiscal balance, bond market, Other, General, State and Local Borrowing, Government Policy and Regulation

Local governments play a significant role in China's public finance and fiscal operations. The size of local government debt has grown rapidly over the past years, exceeding the stock of sovereign debt in China. Ho...

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351109.001

ISBN: 9781484351109

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Social safety nets, Intergovernmental relations, subnational government finances, China, Social Security and Public Pensions, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, State and Local Borrowing

China is the most decentralized country in the world in terms of expenditures shares, with subnational governments responsible for 85 percent of government spending. Limited revenue autonomy and insufficient interg...

Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China

Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China »

Volume/Issue: 2014/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuanyan Zhang , and Steven Barnett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484349953.001

ISBN: 9781484349953

Keywords: Fiscal Vulnerabilities, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, Land Finance, Gross Financing Needs, fiscal deficit, fiscal debt, fiscal data, fiscal activity, General,

China weathered the global financial crisis better than most, thanks to a large and timely stimulus. This stimulus, however, was mainly in the form of off-budget infrastructure spending and thus not visible in the...

The Development of Local Debt Markets in Asia

The Development of Local Debt Markets in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mangal Goswami , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259373.001

ISBN: 9781455259373

Keywords: local currency debt markets, investor base, bank lending, regulatory framework, bond markets, securities, capital market, bond market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

The paper makes an assessment of the progress made in developing local debt markets in emerging Asia. Market development has been limited by hurdles confronting borrowers and lenders, current and potential liquidit...