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Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590616.001

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

Das (Wasted) Kapital
			: Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China

Das (Wasted) Kapital : Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China »

Volume/Issue: 2007/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Dollar , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865738.001

ISBN: 9781451865738

Keywords: Returns to capital, financial system, SOEs, private firms, outlier, survey, statistics, outliers, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Based on a survey that we designed and that covers a stratified random sample of 12,400 firms in 120 cities in China with firm-level accounting information for 2002-2004, this paper examines the presence of systema...

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China »

Volume/Issue: 2013/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malhar Nabar , and Kai Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475525854.001

ISBN: 9781475525854

Keywords: structural change, service sector, manufacturing sector, productivity growth, industrial sector, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Asia including Middle East,

This paper studies structural changes underlying China's remarkable and unprecedented growth in recent years. While patterns of structural transformation across China's provinces are broadly in line with internatio...

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2015/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chie Aoyagi , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340144.001

ISBN: 9781498340144

Keywords: inequality, growth, poverty, gini index, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Despite the rapid economic growth and poverty reduction, inequality in Asia worsened during last two decades. We focus on the determinants of growth inclusiveness and suggest options for reform. A cross cross-count...

Institutions Rule
			: The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development »

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859621.001

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Inclusive Growth
			: Measurement and Determinants

Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323212.001

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389706.001

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531083.001

ISBN: 9781513531083

Keywords: Inequality, Capital Account Openness, Crises, Institutions, capital account, liberalization, capital account liberalization, standard deviations, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, All Countries

This paper examines the distributional impact of capital account liberalization. Using panel data for 149 countries from 1970 to 2010, we find that, on average, capital account liberalization reforms increase inequ...

How do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters?

How do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201778.001

ISBN: 9781455201778

Keywords: Capital Flows, Natural Disasters, Panel Vector Autoregressive Models, Developing Countries, disasters, disaster, geological disasters, climatic disasters, natural disasters, International Finance: General

This paper uses multivariate dynamic panel analysis to examine the response of international financial flows to natural disasters. The models estimated for a large sample of developing countries point to differenti...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth
			: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531169.001

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...