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Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR
			: Evidence from Stock Markets

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR : Evidence from Stock Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2009/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaojing Zhang , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873139.001

ISBN: 9781451873139

Keywords: standard error, stock market, equations, Subprime Crisis, Garch,

This paper focuses on evidence from stock markets as it investigates the spillovers from the United States to mainland China and Hong Kong SAR during the subprime crisis. Using both univariate and multivariate GARC...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848298.001

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Altruism and Workers' Remittances
			: Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia

Altruism and Workers' Remittances : Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2006/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863901.001

ISBN: 9781451863901

Keywords: altruism, co-integration, cointegration, equation, workers ? remittances, equations, Household Behavior: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Workers' remittances have been playing an increasingly important role in the balance of payments of many countries and can significantly contribute to the strength of their external positions. Assessing the likely...

Institutions Rule
			: The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development »

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859621.001

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870046.001

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings »

Volume/Issue: 2003/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Tiffin , Christian Mulder , and Charalambos Christofides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849615.001

ISBN: 9781451849615

Keywords: foreign exchange spreads, standards, correlation, regulation, international standards, equation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the relationship between adherence to international standards of good practice in policy-making and two key indicators of access to capital markets and the cost of this access: spreads and sover...

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart »

Volume/Issue: 2009/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Kannan , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873252.001

ISBN: 9781451873252

Keywords: Fan Chart, Balance of Risks, Option Prices, Consensus Forecasts, risk factors, survey, skewness, normal distribution, equation,

This paper develops a simple procedure for incorporating market-based information into the construction of fan charts. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s global growth forecast as a working example, the...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867251.001

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

The Global Welfare Impact of China
			: Trade Integration and Technological Change

The Global Welfare Impact of China : Trade Integration and Technological Change »

Volume/Issue: 2012/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julian Di Giovanni , Jing Zhang , and Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502312.001

ISBN: 9781475502312

Keywords: productivity growth, trade costs, correlation, equation, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper evaluates the global welfare impact of China's trade integration and technological change in a quantitative Ricardian-Heckscher-Ohlin model implemented on 75 countries. We simulate two alternative produc...

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2001/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859614.001

ISBN: 9781451859614

Keywords: ACH, currency crisis, duration analysis, contagion, speculative attacks, asian crisis, currency crises, equation, Econometric Modeling,

This paper takes the Asian crisis as an example to show that the Autoregressive Conditional Hazard (ACH) model is a powerful tool for studying the time series features of speculative attacks. The ACH model proposes...