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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Accounting for Reserves1

Accounting for Reserves1 »

Source: Accounting for Reserves

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

The Evolution of Asian Financial Linkages

The Evolution of Asian Financial Linkages »

Source: The Evolution of Asian Financial Linkages : Key Determinants and the Role of Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Phurichai Rungcharoenkitkul , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475588682

Keywords: financial linkages, beta, global financial crisis, macroeconomic policies, financial markets, equity market, financial crisis, General,

This paper examines how Asian financial linkages with systemic economies have changed over time. After developing a factor model, it estimates Asian financial sensitivities to systemic economies, and then seeks to...

Asset Price Bubbles

Asset Price Bubbles »

Source: Asset Price Bubbles : A Selective Survey

Volume/Issue: 2013/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Scherbina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475515299

Keywords: Bubbles, Limits to Arbitrage, stock market, discount rate, mortgage, cash flows, financial economics, General,

Why do asset price bubbles continue to appear in various markets? This paper provides an overview of recent literature on bubbles, with significant attention given to behavioral models and rational models with fric...

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter? »

Source: Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2012/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Liu Xueyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475562675

Keywords: Social Welfare, Intertemporal Consumer Choice, cost of capital, gdp growth, real gdp, economic growth, General,

Now close to 50 percent of GDP, this paper assesses the appropriateness of China's current investment levels. It finds that China's capital-to-output ratio is within the range of other emerging markets, but its eco...

High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia

High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia »

Source: High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia : How to Improve Welfare While Avoiding Financial Failures

Volume/Issue: 2007/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Celine Rochon , Andrew Feltenstein , and Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868418

Keywords: Growth, Financial failures, General equilibrium, fdi, direct investment, foreign direct investment, real interest rates, investors,

This paper analyzes certain policies that are typical of a number of rapidly growing East Asian countries in which a fixed exchange rate, combined with a surplus labor market, has made domestic assets relatively in...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa »

Source: The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition

Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition »

Source: Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition

Volume/Issue: 2005/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Julian Berengaut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860870

Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS, transition economies, instrumental variable, transition countries, statistic, Comparative Studies of Countries, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving

The paper analyzes the initial output decline in transition economies by estimating a crosssection model stressing two major factors-conflicts and the legacies of the Soviet period. We link the Soviet legacies in p...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Inequality, Poverty, and Growth

Inequality, Poverty, and Growth »

Source: Inequality, Poverty, and Growth : Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2005/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860474

Keywords: Inequality, growth, public expenditure, per capita income, economic growth, gini index, real gdp, gdp growth, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Financial Institutions and Services: General

This paper examines the empirical relationship between inequality and growth, and analyzes the impacts of growth, inequality, and government spending on poverty reduction. A new panel dataset has been assembled on...

International Transmission of Bank and Corporate Distress

International Transmission of Bank and Corporate Distress »

Source: International Transmission of Bank and Corporate Distress

Volume/Issue: 2010/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Papa N'Diaye , Dale Gray , Natalia Tamirisa , Hiroko Oura , and Qianying Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200832

Keywords: bank, corporate, distress, GVAR, financial, international, probability, bank distress, probabilities, bank default

The paper evaluates how increases in banks' and nonfinancial corporates' default risk are transmitted in the global economy, using in a vector autoregression model for 30 advanced and emerging economies for the per...