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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2003/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Ran , and Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874815.001

ISBN: 9781451874815

Keywords: labor force, labor market, jobs, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

A more market-oriented labor market has emerged in China in the past twenty years with growing importance of the urban private sector, as state-owned enterprises have downsized. Despite the progress on reforms, a s...

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia?

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Fang Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498329750.001

ISBN: 9781498329750

Keywords: female labor force participation, fertility, labor market duality, employment, labor, labor force, female labor, regular employment, Labor Economics Policies, Economics of Gender

Both Japan and Korea are trying to boost female labor force participation (FLFP) as they face the challenges of a rapidly aging population. Though FLFP has generally been on a rising trend, the female labor force...

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal'

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal' »

Volume/Issue: 2015/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Waikei Lam , Xiaoguang Liu , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570693.001

ISBN: 9781513570693

Keywords: Mobility, labor market, labor, employment, General, General, General, General, General, General,

As China implements reforms under the 'new normal,' maintaining stability in the labor market is a priority. The country's demography and labor dynamics are changing, after benefitting in past decades from ample ch...

Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813043.002

ISBN: 9781451813043

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, interest rates, labor market, financial sector

The euro area recovered from the economic doldrums. Executive Directors welcomed the recovery, supported by strong financial conditions, global growth, and improved financial positions. They encouraged the reformed...

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment »

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938420.001

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

The Internal Job Market of the IMF's Economist Program

The Internal Job Market of the IMF's Economist Program »

Volume/Issue: 2004/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859690.001

ISBN: 9781451859690

Keywords: Matching, stability, marriage problem, deferred acceptance algorithm, Gale-Shapley, entry-level job market, job market, job offer, job offers, labor markets

This paper shows how the internal job market for participants in the IMF Economist Program (EPs) could be redesigned to eliminate most of the shortcomings of the current system. The new design is based on Gale and...

Mauritius
			: Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

Mauritius : Unemployment and the Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Yao , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874860.001

ISBN: 9781451874860

Keywords: institutions, wage, skilled labor, employment, labor demand, labor market, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this tr...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505689.001

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

Selective Government Interventions and Economic Growth
			: A Survey of the Asian Experience and its Applicability to New Zealand

Selective Government Interventions and Economic Growth : A Survey of the Asian Experience and its Applicability to New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 1993/17

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965384.003

ISBN: 9781451965384

Keywords: Economic policy, New Zealand, New Zealand, Trade liberalization, private investment, public investment, productivity growth, labor market

Since the mid-1980s, New Zealand has been engaged in a broad-ranging economic reform program--involving liberalization of key sectors of the economy, reduction in trade protection, and trimming of the public sector...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation Discussions

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation Discussions »

Volume/Issue: 2000/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451935745.002

ISBN: 9781451935745

Keywords: exchange rate, interest rates, balance of payments, labor market, real interest rates

The Asian crisis hit the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) economy hard in 1998, despite its generally strong fundamentals. In response to the crisis, the authorities eased fiscal policy-within the fram...