Search Results

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 72 items

  • Keyword: equation x
Clear All Modify Search
Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870046.001

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart »

Volume/Issue: 2009/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Kannan , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873252.001

ISBN: 9781451873252

Keywords: Fan Chart, Balance of Risks, Option Prices, Consensus Forecasts, risk factors, survey, skewness, normal distribution, equation,

This paper develops a simple procedure for incorporating market-based information into the construction of fan charts. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s global growth forecast as a working example, the...

The Global Welfare Impact of China
			: Trade Integration and Technological Change

The Global Welfare Impact of China : Trade Integration and Technological Change »

Volume/Issue: 2012/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julian Di Giovanni , Jing Zhang , and Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502312.001

ISBN: 9781475502312

Keywords: productivity growth, trade costs, correlation, equation, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper evaluates the global welfare impact of China's trade integration and technological change in a quantitative Ricardian-Heckscher-Ohlin model implemented on 75 countries. We simulate two alternative produc...

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923914.001

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Inflation Dynamics in Asia
			: Causes, Changes, and Spillovers From China

Inflation Dynamics in Asia : Causes, Changes, and Spillovers From China »

Volume/Issue: 2011/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carolina Osorio , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923969.001

ISBN: 9781463923969

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), inflation dynamics, money supply, monetary shocks, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The perception that Asia's inflation dynamics is driven by idiosyncratic supply shocks implies, as a corollary, that there is little scope for a policy reaction to a build-up of inflationary pressures. However, Asi...

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wu , and Michele Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931810.001

ISBN: 9781463931810

Keywords: Oil Shocks, Market-Based Information, VAR Identification, oil market, opec, equation, oil demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

We study the effects of oil-price shocks on the U.S. economy combining narrative and quantitative approaches. After examining daily oil-related events since 1984, we classify them into various event types. We then...

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending
			: A Test

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending : A Test »

Volume/Issue: 2002/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , and Isabel Schnabel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859201.001

ISBN: 9781451859201

Keywords: international lending, bond, crisis lending, bond spreads, bonds, International Lending and Debt Problems, Econometric Methods: - Single Equation Models,

We test for the existence of a moral hazard effect attributable to official crisis lending by analyzing the evolution of sovereign bond spreads in emerging markets before and after the Russian crisis. The nonbailou...

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates
			: The Case of China

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates : The Case of China »

Volume/Issue: 2006/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , Steven Dunaway , and Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864809.001

ISBN: 9781451864809

Keywords: China&;amp;#x2019;s equilibrium real exchange rate, robustness tests, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation, current account balance, Demand and Supply of Labor: General

Increased attention is being paid to assessments of the actual values of countries' real exchange rates relative to their "equilibrium" values as suggested by "fundamental" determining factors. This paper assesses...

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis
			: Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis : Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2011/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brad McDonald , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265442.001

ISBN: 9781455265442

Keywords: Global Crisis, First-differenced Gravity Equation, Time-varying Fixed Effects, WTO, trade impact, import restrictions, trade flows, global trade, world trade, Trade: General

This paper investigates how trade flows are being affected by new discriminatory measures implemented during the global financial crisis. We match data on behind-the-border measures (e.g., bailouts and subsidies) a...

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2010/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yishay Yafeh , Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209316.001

ISBN: 9781455209316

Keywords: Financial Friction, institution, creditor rights, measurement errors, correlation, equation, financial markets, standard deviation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Financial frictions have been identified as key factors affecting economic fluctuations and growth. But, can institutional reforms reduce financial frictions? Based on a canonical investment model, we consider two...