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VIII Labor Market Performance and Prospects

VIII Labor Market Performance and Prospects »

Source: China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy : Prospects and Challenges

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589062580

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Trade, exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, employment, unemployment

China’s labor market has undergone significant changes in the past twenty years. A more market-oriented labor market has emerged with the growing importance of the urban private sector, as state-owned enterp...

Appendix. Historical Experience in Establishing Convertibility

Appendix. Historical Experience in Establishing Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

Historically, most countries have introduced current account convertibility rather late in their development process, usually after initiating industrial reforms and trade liberalization. Thus, few developin...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

Many countries that have had centrally planned economies are now undergoing a dramatic transformation aimed at making their economies more market oriented. Far-reaching reforms are contemplated or under way,...

II Definitions

II Definitions »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

The meaning of “convertibility” has changed over time as the international monetary system has evolved (Haberler (1954). Before the 1930s, convertibility was generally defined as the right to convert a curre...

III Effects of Current and Capital Account Convertibility

III Effects of Current and Capital Account Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

Establishing convertibility for international transactions has a variety of implications for an economy. By exposing the economy to the pressures of foreign competition, current account convertibility, along...

IV When to Introduce Current Account Convertibility

IV When to Introduce Current Account Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

The appropriate time to introduce current account convertibility will normally depend on the implementation of other measures in a country’s reform program. As indicated in this section, macroeconomic stabil...

V Capital Account Convertibility

V Capital Account Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

Discussions of capital account convertibility center on three issues: (1) whether capital account convertibility should be delayed until late in the transformation process or introduced simultaneously with c...

VI Internal Convertibility

VI Internal Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

The previous sections have focused on convertibility for current and capital account transactions. This section turns briefly to the issue of internal convertibility—here defined as the legal right of reside...

VII Summary and Conclusions

VII Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

This paper has analyzed the establishment of currency convertibility in transforming centrally planned economies, focusing mainly on current account convertibility, with some discussion of capital account co...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Adjusting to Lower Commodity Prices

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513520735

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, economies, exchange rate, commodity, trade, prices

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data as well as projections. It comprises six sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, Key Data Documentation, and St...