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CHAPTER II THREE CURRENT POLICY ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

CHAPTER II THREE CURRENT POLICY ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589062832

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest

This chapter consists of essays on growth in the Middle East and North Africa, reserve accumulation in Asia, and the impact of industrial country exchange rate volatility on developing countries. The first e...

CHAPTER III PUBLIC DEBT IN EMERGING MARKETS: IS IT TOO HIGH?

CHAPTER III PUBLIC DEBT IN EMERGING MARKETS: IS IT TOO HIGH? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589062832

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest

The potential risks associated with high public debt have long been a concern of economic policymakers around the globe. In the industrial countries, the need to strengthen fiscal positions and reduce public...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2004

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063365

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange restrictions, Exchange arrangements, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

(Position as of May 31, 2004) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2004

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063365

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange restrictions, Exchange arrangements, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

(Position as of February 29, 2004) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

This paper reviews China's experience with market-oriented reform since 1978, including domestic reforms, the opening of the economy to foreign trade and investment, and the decentralization of decision making. It...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589062832

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

The 18 members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (APEC) encompass not only a wide geographic area but also broad differences in stages of economic development, including among them some of the fastes...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927313.001

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Chinese Imports
			: What's Behind the Slowdown?

Chinese Imports : What's Behind the Slowdown? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Shik Kang , and Wei Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484368626.001

ISBN: 9781484368626

Keywords: Imports; Rebalancing; Exchange Rate; Onshoring

Real imports in China have decelerated significantly over the last two years to below 4 percent (yoy) from double-digit growth in previous years. Weaker investment, partly due to progress in rebalancing from invest...