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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia »

Source: Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia : The Role of Banks and the Effects of Financial Globalization

Volume/Issue: 2015/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nasha Ananchotikul , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513516233

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, bank lending channel, financial globalization, bank, lending, credit, banking, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Given the heavy reliance on bank lending as the main source of financing in most Asian economies, banks could potentially play a pivotal role in monetary policy transmission. However, we find that Asia's bank lendi...

The Leap of the Tiger

The Leap of the Tiger »

Source: The Leap of the Tiger : How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2015/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513556017

Keywords: growth, middle-income trap, innovation, technology, electronics, it, at, technologies, Government Policy, General

Only a few European economies and Korea and Taiwan Province of China reached high-income status during 1970-2010. Malaysia's real income per capita increased to 26 percent of the U.S. level in 2010 from 20 percent...

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability—Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability—Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers »

Source: Why Complementarity Matters for Stability-Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers

Volume/Issue: 2014/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vanessa Le Lesle , Franziska Ohnsorge , Minsuk Kim , and Srikant Seshadri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498334464

Keywords: Networks, financial institutions and services, government policy and regulation, bond, financial stability, bond markets, financial institutions, hedge, General,

There is much speculation regarding a 'race for dominance' among financial centers in Asia, arising from the anticipated financial opening up of China. This frame of reference is, to an extent, a predilection that...

Assessing China’s Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities

Assessing China’s Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Assessing China's Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities

Volume/Issue: 2015/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mali Chivakul , and Waikei Lam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

ISBN: 9781484308783

Keywords: leverage, state-owned enterprise (SOE), real estate, interest rate shock, debt, interest, interest rate, profit, indebtedness, General,

This paper documents and assesses the risk stemming from rising corporate indebtedness in China using a firm-level dataset of listed firms. It finds that while leverage on average is not high, there is a fat tail...

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector »

Source: Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector : Exchange Rate or Structural?

Volume/Issue: 2015/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Naomi Griffin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

ISBN: 9781484364222

Keywords: Real exchange rate, structural changes, exchange rate, imports, demand, real effective exchange rate, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General,

The appreciation of the real exchange rate over the past several years is considered one of the key drivers behind the weak performance of Colombia's manufacturing sector in recent years. This paper examines the ef...

Taxation Reforms and Changes in Revenue Assignments in China

Taxation Reforms and Changes in Revenue Assignments in China »

Source: Taxation Reforms and Changes in Revenue Assignments in China

Volume/Issue: 2004/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raju Singh , Ben Lockwood , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451854855

Keywords: vat, vat revenue, consumption tax, tax revenues, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

The value-added tax (VAT) in China has the unusual feature that capital goods are included in the VAT base. In addition, most services are subject to the business tax, which is not creditable against VAT, but which...