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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Slowdown in Emerging Markets
			: Sign of a Bumpy Road Ahead?

Slowdown in Emerging Markets : Sign of a Bumpy Road Ahead? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304719.001

ISBN: 9781498304719

Keywords: potential growth, emerging market economies, growth, growth rate, capital, tfp, labor, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Following very strong growth during the period 2000-12, emerging market economies (EMEs) experienced a slowdown in the last couple of years. This paper examines the supply-side drivers of the strong growth performa...

A Real Model of Transitional Growth and Competitiveness in China

A Real Model of Transitional Growth and Competitiveness in China »

Volume/Issue: 2008/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Genevieve Verdier , and Celine Rochon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869606.001

ISBN: 9781451869606

Keywords: saving, surplus labor, foreign capital, domestic capital, fdi, international capital markets, capital mobility,

We present a stylized real model of the Chinese economy with the objective of explaining two features: (1) domestic production is highly competitive in the sense that an accumulation of capital that raises the marg...

Anchoring Growth
			: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357290.006

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Inequality and Labor Market Institutions

Inequality and Labor Market Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Carolina Osorio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513577258.006

ISBN: 9781513577258

Keywords: Minimum wage, Inequality, top income shares, unions, labor market, union density, labor, unemployment, Equity, Justice

The SDN examines the role of labor market institutions in the rise of income inequality in advanced economies, alongside other determinants. The evidence strongly indicates that de-unionization is associated with r...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply
			: Evidence From Brazil

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply : Evidence From Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2011/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Moura , Caio Piza , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259366.001

ISBN: 9781455259366

Keywords: land-titling, quantile regression, propensity score, land title, property rights, child labor, labor market, urban poor, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Time Allocation and Labor Supply

This paper studies the effects of property-titling on labor supply. The role of legal ownership security is isolated by comparing the effect that being part of, or excluded from, a land title program in a unique qu...

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331613.001

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth
			: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531169.001

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865325.001

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...