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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation Discussions with People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation Discussions with People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2009 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/321

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451817010

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, macroeconomic volatility

This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's economy was severely affected by the global financial crisis. The recovery is now under way, fueled by growth on the Mainl...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime1

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime1 »

Source: China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Source: Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

The East Asian Crisis

The East Asian Crisis »

Source: The East Asian Crisis : Macroeconomic Developments and Policy Lessons

Volume/Issue: 1998/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Prakash Loungani , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451935547

Keywords: crisis countries, exchange rate, asian crisis, exchange rates, contagion

This paper reviews macroeconomic developments during the first year of the crisis in east Asia and draws some preliminary policy lessons. The crisis is rooted in the interaction of large capital inflows and weak pr...

China'S Imports

China'S Imports »

Source: China'S Imports : An Empirical Analysis Using Johansen'S Cointegration Approach

Volume/Issue: 1994/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mingwei Yuan , and Kalpana Kochhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

ISBN: 9781451856484

Keywords: foreign exchange, cointegration, foreign exchange reserves, statistics, forecasting

In this paper, the behavior of China’s imports during the period 1980-92 is studied. The estimation of cointegration and error correction mechanisms enables the separation of the long-run and short-run deter...

Chinese Imports

Chinese Imports »

Source: Chinese Imports : What's Behind the Slowdown?

Volume/Issue: 2016/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Shik Kang , and Wei Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2016

ISBN: 9781484368626

Keywords: Imports; Rebalancing; Exchange Rate; Onshoring

Real imports in China have decelerated significantly over the last two years to below 4 percent (yoy) from double-digit growth in previous years. Weaker investment, partly due to progress in rebalancing from invest...

Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis

Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis »

Source: Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis

Volume/Issue: 1999/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451850185

Keywords: Real exchange rate, generalized purchasing power hypothesis, optimal currency union, exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, statistics

The paper explores the behavior of the long-run real exchange rate (RER) of Hong Kong SAR and China by testing the generalized-purchasing power parity hypothesis (G-PPP). The hypothesis argues that if the fundament...

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries »

Source: Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries : Filling in the "Hollow Middle"?

Volume/Issue: 2001/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Hernández , and Peter Montiel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451858426

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, crisis countries, pre-crisis, post-crisis period, exchange rates

Following the 1997-98 financial turmoil, crisis countries in Asia moved toward either floating or fixed exchange rate systems, reinforcing the bipolar view of exchange rate regimes and the "hollow middle" hypothesi...