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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018

Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018.

International Capital Flows and Development
			: Financial Openness Matters

International Capital Flows and Development : Financial Openness Matters »

Volume/Issue: 2010/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci , Thierry Tressel , and Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209354.001

ISBN: 9781455209354

Keywords: Lucas paradox, financial openness, capital inflows, capital account openness, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

Does capital flow from rich to poor countries? We revisit the Lucas paradox and explore the role of capital account restrictions in shaping capital flows at various stages of economic development. We find that, whe...

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China

Sector-Level Productivity, Structural Change, and Rebalancing in China »

Volume/Issue: 2013/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malhar Nabar , and Kai Yan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475525854.001

ISBN: 9781475525854

Keywords: structural change, service sector, manufacturing sector, productivity growth, industrial sector, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Asia including Middle East,

This paper studies structural changes underlying China's remarkable and unprecedented growth in recent years. While patterns of structural transformation across China's provinces are broadly in line with internatio...

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2010/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yishay Yafeh , Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209316.001

ISBN: 9781455209316

Keywords: Financial Friction, institution, creditor rights, measurement errors, correlation, equation, financial markets, standard deviation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Financial frictions have been identified as key factors affecting economic fluctuations and growth. But, can institutional reforms reduce financial frictions? Based on a canonical investment model, we consider two...

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aart Kraay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846676.001

ISBN: 9781451846676

Keywords: growth, pro-poor growth, changes in poverty, pro-poor, distributional change, poverty line, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in ave...

Avoiding the New Mediocre
			: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572710.087

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

Emerging Markets in Transition
			: Growth Prospects and Challenges

Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498327664.006

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Inequality, Poverty, and Growth
			: Cross-Country Evidence

Inequality, Poverty, and Growth : Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2005/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860474.001

ISBN: 9781451860474

Keywords: Inequality, growth, public expenditure, per capita income, economic growth, gini index, real gdp, gdp growth, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Financial Institutions and Services: General

This paper examines the empirical relationship between inequality and growth, and analyzes the impacts of growth, inequality, and government spending on poverty reduction. A new panel dataset has been assembled on...

The Dynamics of Provincial Growth in China
			: A Nonparametric Approach

The Dynamics of Provincial Growth in China : A Nonparametric Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2006/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bulent Unel , and Harm Zebregs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863154.001

ISBN: 9781451863154

Keywords: Provincial Growth in China, Convergence, Data Envelopment Analysis, labor productivity growth, growth rate, growth accounting, gdp growth, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East, Development Planning And Policy, Socialist Systems And Transitional Economies,

China's growth record since the start of its economic reforms in 1978 has been extraordinary. Yet, this impressive performance has been associated with an increasing regional income disparity. We use a recently dev...

China's Provincial Growth Dynamics

China's Provincial Growth Dynamics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841909.001

ISBN: 9781451841909

Keywords: Provincial growth, convergence, twin peaks, per capita income, income distribution, per capita incomes, growth rates, economic growth, Technological Change: Government Policy, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: Other

China's rapid overall growth since 1978 masks significant differences in relative economic performance across its provinces. This paper finds that, while per capita income of poor provinces are catching up with tho...