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Inflation, Financial Developments, and Wealth Distribution1

Inflation, Financial Developments, and Wealth Distribution1 »

Source: Inflation, Financial Developments, and Wealth Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2016/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wai-Yip Alex Ho , and Chun-Yu Ho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2016

ISBN: 9781498352826

Keywords: Inflation, Borrowing Constraint, Adjustment Cost, Heterogeneous Agents, Wealth Distribution

We find that from 1995 to 2002 in China, the dispersion of wealth decreased, the moneywealth ratio increased for all wealth levels and the aggregate money-output ratio increased. We develop a two-asset dynamic gene...

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies »

Source: The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies : How Much is theprivate Sector Affected?

Volume/Issue: 2009/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871760

Keywords: Sovereign Default, Reputation Spillovers, debt policies, debt crisis, external borrowing,

This paper proposes a new empirical measure of cooperative versus conflictual crisis resolution following sovereign default and debt distress. The index of government coerciveness is presented as a proxy for excusa...

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets »

Source: Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Michael Papaioannou , and Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451961942

Keywords: Sovereign default, Private sector access, capital markets, external borrowing, sovereign defaults,

Top down spillovers of sovereign default risk can have serious consequences for the private sector in emerging markets. This paper analyzes the effects of these spillovers using firm-level data from 31 emerging mar...

Adjustment to external shocks: East Asia’s success examined

Adjustment to external shocks: East Asia’s success examined »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1984

Volume/Issue: 21/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1984

ISBN: 9781616353599

Keywords: balance of payments, domestic savings, income distribution, aggregate demand, external borrowing

This paper reviews the increasing private capital flows to less developed countries. The share of developing countries in the foreign direct investment is small, perhaps less than 30 percent of the total. The effec...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1 »

Source: Local Government Financing Platforms in China : A Fortune or Misfortune?

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475599671

Keywords: local government, capital markets, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue, General, and capital markets,

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

From Autarky to Integration

From Autarky to Integration »

Source: From Autarky to Integration : Imitation, Foreign Borrowing, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 1998/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451928907

Keywords: Growth, Imitation, Innovation, Knowledge Gap, Foreign Borrowing, capital markets, human capital, capital controls, capital mobility, international capital markets

The effects on growth of the integration of an autarkic country into the world economy are analyzed, focusing on the differing roles of imitation and innovation in human capital accumulation. The country initially...

Debt Equity Conversions and NPL Securitization in China

Debt Equity Conversions and NPL Securitization in China »

Source: Debt Equity Conversions and NPL Securitization in China : Some Initial Considerations

Volume: 2016

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): James Daniel , Jose Garrido , and Marina Moretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513524153

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Credit, bank lending, borrowing, bank, bank regulation, insolvency, liquidation, non-performing, loan

This note considers the role debt-equity conversions and NPL securitization can play in addressing excessive corporate debt in China, and the corresponding burden on banks of impaired assets. It finds that such tec...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Source: Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China*

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China* »

Source: Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China

Volume/Issue: 2018/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484351109

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Social safety nets, Intergovernmental relations, subnational government finances, China, Social Security and Public Pensions, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, State and Local Borrowing

China is the most decentralized country in the world in terms of expenditures shares, with subnational governments responsible for 85 percent of government spending. Limited revenue autonomy and insufficient interg...

China's Local Government Bond Market1

China's Local Government Bond Market1 »

Source: China's Local Government Bond Market

Volume/Issue: 2018/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , and Jingsen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484378410

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China; Local Government; Subnational fiscal balance; bond market, China, Local Government, Subnational fiscal balance, bond market, Other, General, State and Local Borrowing, Government Policy and Regulation

Local governments play a significant role in China's public finance and fiscal operations. The size of local government debt has grown rapidly over the past years, exceeding the stock of sovereign debt in China. Ho...