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Urban and Rural Household Savings in China

Urban and Rural Household Savings in China »

Source: Urban and Rural Household Savings in China

Volume/Issue: 1988/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 1988

ISBN: 9781451920703

Keywords: permanent income, equation, equations, time series, current income

Household savings behavior in China during the past 30 years has been studied by using econometric models with the time-varying-parameter technique. The rural sector and the urban sector are investigated separately...

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption »

Source: Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Volume/Issue: 2000/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855043

Keywords: trade forecasting and simulation, reer, equation, equations, statistics, cointegration

The real effective exchange rate is an aggregation of several bilateral real exchange rates with respect to other countries. The aggregation is usually done under the assumption of constant elasticity of substituti...

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia

Saving Trends in Southeast Asia »

Source: Saving Trends in Southeast Asia : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 1995/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Aasim Husain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451845778

Keywords: cointegration, private saving, provident fund, statistic, equation

This paper investigates the long-run pattern of private saving in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. These countries have not only maintained saving levels that are currently among the highest in the wor...

China's Changing Trade Elasticities

China's Changing Trade Elasticities »

Source: China's Changing Trade Elasticities

Volume/Issue: 2007/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868296

Keywords: elasticity, exchange rate, trade balance, standard error, equation, equations, statistic, probability,

China's sectoral trade composition, product quality mix, and import content of processing exports have all changed substantially during the past decade. This has rendered trade elasticities estimated using aggregat...

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR »

Source: Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR : Evidence from Stock Markets

Volume/Issue: 2009/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaojing Zhang , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873139

Keywords: standard error, stock market, equations, Subprime Crisis, Garch,

This paper focuses on evidence from stock markets as it investigates the spillovers from the United States to mainland China and Hong Kong SAR during the subprime crisis. Using both univariate and multivariate GARC...

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China »

Source: Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China

Volume/Issue: 2009/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ge Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872781

Keywords: asset substitution, exchange rate, interest rate, equation, statistics, cointegration, inflation,

Recent changes to China's financial system, in particular ongoing interest rate liberalization, gradual movement toward a more flexible exchange rate regime, and rapid development of capital markets, have changed s...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings »

Source: The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2003/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Tiffin , Christian Mulder , and Charalambos Christofides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451849615

Keywords: foreign exchange spreads, standards, correlation, regulation, international standards, equation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the relationship between adherence to international standards of good practice in policy-making and two key indicators of access to capital markets and the cost of this access: spreads and sover...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Source: Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...