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Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066380.084

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

China's Economy in Transition
			: From External to Internal Rebalancing

China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: China Financial Economic Publishing House

Publication Date: 19 March 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509572153.071

ISBN: 9787509572153

Keywords: Asia, current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China's current account surplus has declined to around one-quarter the peak reached before the global financial crisis. While this is a major reduction in China's external imbalance, it has not been accompanied by...

China's Economy in Transition
			: From External to Internal Rebalancing

China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303931.071

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China's current account surplus has declined to around one-quarter the peak reached before the global financial crisis. While this is a major reduction in China's external imbalance, it has not been accompanied by...

External Performance in Low-Income Countries

External Performance in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350536.084

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Assessments of exchange rate misalignments and external imbalances for low-income countries are challenging because methodologies developed for advanced and emerging economies cannot be automatically applied to poo...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

Exchange rate surveillance has always been at the core of the IMF’s responsibilities. Throughout its existence, the Fund has striven to strengthen its framework for assessing exchange rates, adapting it to u...

II Macroeconomic Balance Approach

II Macroeconomic Balance Approach »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The macroeconomic balance approach to exchange rate assessments consists of three steps. First, an equilibrium relationship between current account balances and a set of fundamentals is estimated with panel...

III Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate Approach

III Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate Approach »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The reduced-form equilibrium real exchange rate (ERER) approach to exchange rate assessment consists of three steps. First, panel regression techniques are used to estimate an equilibrium relationship betwee...

IV External Sustainability

IV External Sustainability »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The external sustainability (ES) approach, not previously used in Consultative Group on Exchange Rate Issues (CGER) assessments, complements the two other methodologies by focusing on the relati...

V Conclusions

V Conclusions »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

This paper has presented three alternative methodologies to help gauge the consistency of current account balances and real effective exchange rates with their underlying fundamentals. While assessments of e...

Introduction and Overview

Introduction and Overview »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

By the time China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, its economy had already experienced slightly more than two decades of “reform and opening-up.” The shift from a domestically oriented, pla...