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China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

China at the Threshold of a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753496.084

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

This paper reviews China's experience with market-oriented reform since 1978, including domestic reforms, the opening of the economy to foreign trade and investment, and the decentralization of decision making. It...

China's Growing Influence on Asian Financial Markets1

China's Growing Influence on Asian Financial Markets1 »

Source: China's Growing Influence on Asian Financial Markets

Volume/Issue: 2016/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , Wei Liao , Shi Piao , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475525137

Keywords: China, Spillovers, Equity markets, Foreign Exchange Markets

This paper finds that financial spillovers from China to regional markets are on the rise. The main transmission channel appears to be trade linkages, although direct financial linkages are playing an increasing ro...

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances »

Source: Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances : a View on The Eve of the Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Natalia Tamirisa , and Francesco Strobbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209576

Keywords: International financial integration, claims, fdi, portfolio investment, foreign exchange reserves,

We present a novel and comprehensive dataset of bilateral gross and net external positions in various financial instruments for the main advanced and emerging economies and regions, designed to improve our understa...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies »

Source: Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies

Volume/Issue: 1990/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

ISBN: 9781451981131

Keywords: foreign trade, exchange rate, foreign exchange, domestic prices, exchange rate system

This paper reviews the main features of market-oriented foreign trade reforms in planned economies. It considers reform initiatives aimed at expanding enterprise autonomy and breaking up the state monopoly of forei...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

For three decades after the 1949 revolution, China pursued a strategy of socialist economic development based on self-reliance and the centrally directed allocation of resources to key sectors largely throug...

II Initial Conditions and Special Characteristics of Chinese Reform

II Initial Conditions and Special Characteristics of Chinese Reform »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

This section reviews some of the economic conditions at the start of the reform era and certain characteristics of the economic environment during the period. It highlights a number of special features of th...

III Reform of the Domestic Economy

III Reform of the Domestic Economy »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

From 1978 to 1992, the Chinese leadership adopted a series of market-oriented reforms to reinvigorate the domestic economy. Although the reforms initiated were wide-ranging, they did not follow any systemati...

IV Opening Up and External Policies

IV Opening Up and External Policies »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

A key feature of the Chinese reforms was the gradual opening of the economy to the rest of the world and the concomitant change in the official attitudes to foreign trade and investment. The approach was ini...

V Decentralization and Regional Development

V Decentralization and Regional Development »

Source: China at the Threshold of a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Bell , Kalpana Kochhar , and Hoe Khor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753496

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign investment, regulatory framework, foreign exchange, economic zones

China’s regional policy has been crucial in stimulating reform and, by the same token, high regional growth rates have contributed to the macro-economic imbalances that have periodically developed. Analysis...