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Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Source: China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

Activation of a Modern Industry

Activation of a Modern Industry »

Source: Activation of a Modern Industry

Volume/Issue: 2002/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Danyang Xie , and Ping Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451843279

Keywords: industrial transformation, subsistence, skilled labor, unemployment, skilled workers, employment, unemployment rate

This paper constructs an integrated framework to disentangle the underlying economic mechanism of industrial transformation. We consider three essential elements for the analysis: skill requirements, industry-wide...

Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia

Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia »

Source: Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2011/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster , and Runchana Pongsaparn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922641

Keywords: Financial Development, Rebalancing, portfolio investment, fdi, direct investment, portfolio investment assets, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

The paper shows that Asia's degree of financial integration, both with the world and within the region remains low by various measures. The paper also provides empirical evidence that greater financial integration...

Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Structural transformation has become a widely used macroeconomic measure of the quality of the economic development process. 1 It is widely accepted that in order for it to happen...

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Productivity Transformation The employment and output data were combined to make assessments of the speed of structural adjustment in sub-Saharan Africa compared with Asian countries...

Transforming China

Transforming China »

Source: Transforming China : Insights from the Japanese Experience of the 1980s

Volume/Issue: 2010/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455210916

Keywords: Plaza accord, asset bubble, and growth rebalancing, deposit rates, financial liberalization, domestic demand, financial system, bonds, Saving, Employment

China is poised on the brink of a transition to a service-based economy. The Japanese experience of the 1980s provides several insights about the way to manage such a transition and the downsides to avoid. In parti...

Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition

Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition »

Source: Who is Still Haunted by the Specter of Communism? Explaining Relative Output Contractions Under Transition

Volume/Issue: 2005/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Julian Berengaut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860870

Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS, transition economies, instrumental variable, transition countries, statistic, Comparative Studies of Countries, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving

The paper analyzes the initial output decline in transition economies by estimating a crosssection model stressing two major factors-conflicts and the legacies of the Soviet period. We link the Soviet legacies in p...

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and  Central Asia

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia »

Source: Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2012/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Adolfo Barajas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475502947

Keywords: Instrumental variables, Panel data, remittance, tax revenue, fiscal impact, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)

This paper identifies a remittances channel that transmits exogenous shocks, such as business cycles in remittance-sending countries, to the public finances of remittance-receiving countries. Using panel data for r...

The Role of Monthly Economic Statistical Bulletins

The Role of Monthly Economic Statistical Bulletins »

Source: The Role of Monthly Economic Statistical Bulletins

Volume/Issue: 2002/9

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Claudia Dziobek , and Mei Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451970562

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Technical Assistance, Economic information, statistical capacity building, central banks, central bank, balance of payments, industrial countries, government debt, Relation of Economics to Social Values

Monthly economic statistical bulletins issued by central banks and national statistical offices, the focus of this study, are well established in countries with advanced statistical systems. Such bulletins present...