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Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies »

Source: Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Volume/Issue: 2018/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Niny Khor , Rui Mano , Johanna Schauer , Philippe Wingender , and Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484357538

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, Fiscal policy, Income inequality, structural change, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, General

China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past two decades and is on the brink of eradicating poverty. However, income inequality increased sharply from the early 1980s and rendered China among the most...

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China »

Source: Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China

Volume/Issue: 2017/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Phil Stokoe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484331651

Keywords: China, Asia and Pacific, Government Statistics, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, General

China's official general government accounts do not include off-budget quasi-fiscal spending unlike the IMF's augmented government accounts. This paper argues that the broader concept of augmented government remain...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports*

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports* »

Source: China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports

Volume/Issue: 2017/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yibin Mu , Chu Wang , and Dong Frank Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335406

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Development, Exports, Growth, China Economy, SSA, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

The analysis of China's impacts on the 44 SSA countries reveals that: (i) after joining the WTO in 2001, China has started to impact significantly on SSA growth: one-percent increase in China's GDP per capita leads...

Credit Booms-Is China Different?1

Credit Booms-Is China Different?1 »

Source: Credit Booms-Is China Different?

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sally Chen , and Joong Shik Kang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336762

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial cycles, Banking crises, Asia and Pacific, credit gap, debt overhang, sustainable growth, General

Strong Chinese output growth after the Global Financial Crisis was supported by booming credit. This credit boom carries risks. International experience suggests that China's credit growth is on a dangerous traject...

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Source: China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity1

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity1 »

Source: Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2017/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Alfred Schipke , Yuyan Tan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484330722

Keywords: Corporate debt, Debt restructuring, Asia and Pacific, China, state-owned enterprises, and zombie firms, zombie firms, General, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

Nonviable 'zombie' firms have become a key concern in China. Using novel firm-level industrial survey data, this paper illustrates the central role of zombies and their strong linkages with stateowned enterprises (...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition »

Source: Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition

Volume/Issue: 2018/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Karam , and Dirk Muir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357200

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium; open economy macoeconomics; small open economy; open economy simulation, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium, open economy macoeconomics, small open economy, open economy simulation, Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission

China and Australia have increasingly strong links, especially through trade. These are driven by demand from China for Australian commodities (coal and iron ore) and services (tourism and education). These links a...

China's Local Government Bond Market1

China's Local Government Bond Market1 »

Source: China's Local Government Bond Market

Volume/Issue: 2018/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , and Jingsen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484378410

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China; Local Government; Subnational fiscal balance; bond market, China, Local Government, Subnational fiscal balance, bond market, Other, General, State and Local Borrowing, Government Policy and Regulation

Local governments play a significant role in China's public finance and fiscal operations. The size of local government debt has grown rapidly over the past years, exceeding the stock of sovereign debt in China. Ho...