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The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform »

Source: The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform : The Case of China

Volume/Issue: 1989/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1989

ISBN: 9781451981698

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, taxation, government expenditure, government revenue

Market-oriented economic reforms in centrally planned economies have altered the functions and objectives of key policy instruments, particularly in the case of fiscal policy. As a result of reform, economic manage...

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy*

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy* »

Source: Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy

Volume/Issue: 2013/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475546699

Keywords: Macro-prudential policy, regulation, rules, decision makers, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

The paper examines the implementation of macro-prudential policy. Given the coordination, flow of information, analysis, and communication required, macro-prudential frameworks will have weaknesses that make it har...

What is Shadow Banking?

What is Shadow Banking? »

Source: What is Shadow Banking?

Volume/Issue: 2014/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , and Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475597349

Keywords: Regulation, Policy, banking activities, securitization, Government Policy and Regulation,

There is much confusion about what shadow banking is. Some equate it with securitization, others with non-traditional bank activities, and yet others with non-bank lending. Regardless, most think of shadow banking...

On National or Supranational Objectives

On National or Supranational Objectives »

Source: On National or Supranational Objectives : Improving the Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

Volume/Issue: 2002/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ping Zhang , Eivind Tandberg , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451874761

Keywords: incentive schemes, intergovernmental finance, provincial government, local governments, local government, decentralization, fiscal decentralization, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Central governments or the international community at large are concerned about subnational service delivery. The design of targeted expenditure programs features frequently in central efforts to redistribute infra...

Contingent Liabilities from Banks

Contingent Liabilities from Banks »

Source: Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them?

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

How Effective are Macroprudential Policies in China?

How Effective are Macroprudential Policies in China? »

Source: How Effective are Macroprudential Policies in China?

Volume/Issue: 2013/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bin Wang , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484355886

Keywords: Macroprudential policies, Effectiveness, banking, reserve requirement, liquidity ratio, capital adequacy, bank rate, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation, China

This paper investigates macroprudential policies and their role in containing systemic risk in China. It shows that China faces systemic risk in both the time (procyclicality) and cross-sectional (contagion) dimens...

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Volume/Issue: 2012/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santanu Chatterjee , and Azer Mursagulov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937133

Keywords: real exchange rate, intersectoral adjustment costs, exchange rate, government spending, government spending shocks, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Government spending on infrastructure has recently increased sharply in many emerging-market economies. This paper examines the mechanism through which public infrastructure spending affects the dynamics of the rea...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia »

Source: Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Rishi Ramchand , Helen Wagner , and Xiaoyong Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781484338360

Keywords: institutional arrangements, macroprudential, regulation, financial system, deposit insurance, financial services, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper surveys institutional arrangements for macroprudential policy in Asia. Central banks in Asia typically have a financial stability mandate, and play a key role in the macroprudential framework. Smaller an...

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy: A Primer

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy: A Primer »

Source: What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2000/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855807

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, health expenditure, public health, health policy, health insurance

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need in situations where they must address issues concerning health sector policy and when they have significant macroeconomic imp...