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Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064454.051

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066670.058

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

What is the impact on trade in sub-Saharan Africa of the recent rapid growth in China and other Asian countries, and the associated commodity price boom? This paper looks at how trading patterns (both destinations...

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Source: Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Since the Uruguay Round ended in 1994, a growing number of economic studies have emphasized that developing countries would benefit more from better access to export markets and fro...

Reaching the MDGs

Reaching the MDGs »

Source: Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

The analysis uses UN Comtrade data on sub-Saharan African merchandise (physical goods) exports, as reflected in imports to the reporting country under Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) revis...

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Table A1. Export Shares of Major Product Categories, 1995 and 2005 (In percent, ranked by 2005 shares)...

Chapter 1. Overview

Chapter 1. Overview »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Sub-Saharan Africa’s share in global trade (exports plus imports) has declined from about 4 percent in 1970 to about 2 percent at present (Figure 1). This long-term decline is traceable to such factors as ma...

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005 »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Trade Patterns by Destination The share of sub-Saharan Africa’s exports to developing countries has more than doubled since 1990. As Asia industrializes, its demand for natural resou...

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Many studies have investigated whether regions or countries undertrade or overtrade relative to a benchmark model of trade flows. 18 Gravity models are commonly used for setting t...

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Evidence indicates that sub-Saharan Africa is performing below its export potential. Its export growth derives both from fuels and manufactures, but manufactures are confined to a few resource-based products...