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China’s Demography and its Implications

China’s Demography and its Implications »

Source: China's Demography and its Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Xu Qingjun , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484363362

Keywords: Demographics, demography, dependency ratio, working population, pension, Forecasting and Simulation, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, Public Policy, China, Peoples Republic of,

In coming decades, China will undergo a notable demographic transformation, with its old-age dependency ratio doubling to 24 percent by 2030 and rising even more precipitously thereafter. This paper uses the perman...

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'1

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'1 »

Source: Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Volume/Issue: 1997/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Symansky , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451855777

Keywords: Aging, Asia, saving, savings, demographics, dependency, elderly, private savings

Significant aging is projected for many high-saving emerging economies of East and Southeast Asia. By 2025, the share of the elderly in their populations will at least double in most of these countries. The share o...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Source: Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1 »

Source: China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold »

Source: Chronicle of a Decline Foretold : Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point?

Volume/Issue: 2013/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475548242

Keywords: Excess labor supply, Lewis Turning Point, Population aging, Demographics, labor supply, labor force, labor market, labor demand, unemployment, General

China is on the eve of a demographic shift that will have profound consequences on its economic and social landscape. Within a few years the working age population will reach a historical peak, and then begin a pre...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Source: Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Economic Implications of China's Demographics in the 21st Century

Economic Implications of China's Demographics in the 21st Century »

Source: Economic Implications of China's Demographics in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2003/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Cheng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451844825

Keywords: demographic structure, fertility, fertility rates, children per woman, fertility rate, number of children, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment

This study assesses the economic implications of China's changing population in the 21st century using a numerical general equilibrium model. The simulations show that lower fertility rates yield lower saving rates...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Source: Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

Future of Asia’s Finance

Future of Asia’s Finance »

Source: Future of Asia's Finance : How Can it Meet Challenges of Demographic Change and Infrastructure Needs?

Volume/Issue: 2014/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Waikei Lam , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498321082

Keywords: Demographic change, infrastructure financing, financial deepening, financial integration, capital and financial flows, bond, financial markets, financial sector development, bonds, Models with Panel Data

There is a role for Asia's financial sector to play to address the challenges associated with the region's changing demographics and infrastructure investment needs. Enhancing financial innovation and integration i...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Source: Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...