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Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756008.084

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

The 18 members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (APEC) encompass not only a wide geographic area but also broad differences in stages of economic development, including among them some of the fastes...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066380.084

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

China's Economy in Transition
			: From External to Internal Rebalancing

China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303931.071

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China's current account surplus has declined to around one-quarter the peak reached before the global financial crisis. While this is a major reduction in China's external imbalance, it has not been accompanied by...

Promoting Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Learning What Works

Promoting Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa : Learning What Works »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dhaneshwar Ghura , Anupam Basu , and Anthony Calamitsis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759665.051

ISBN: 9781557759665

Keywords: growth rates, real gdp, economic growth, gdp growth, domestic savings

Africa is the world's poorest continent, but amid all the bad news, there is hope for change. This pamphlet examines the lessons to be learned from some of the more successful economies south of the Sahara, and dis...

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy
			: Prospects and Challenges

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy : Prospects and Challenges »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062580.084

ISBN: 9781589062580

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Trade, exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, employment, unemployment

China's transformation into a dynamic private-sector-led economy and its integration into the world economy have been among the most dramatic global economic developments of recent decades. This paper provides an o...

External Performance in Low-Income Countries

External Performance in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350536.084

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Assessments of exchange rate misalignments and external imbalances for low-income countries are challenging because methodologies developed for advanced and emerging economies cannot be automatically applied to poo...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2009 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/321

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451817010

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, macroeconomic volatility

This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's economy was severely affected by the global financial crisis. The recovery is now under way, fueled by growth on the Mainl...

People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2009 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/321

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451817010

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, macroeconomic volatility

This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's economy was severely affected by the global financial crisis. The recovery is now under way, fueled by growth on the Mainl...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation Discussions with People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2009 Article IV Consultation Discussions with People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2009 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2009/321

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451817010

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, macroeconomic volatility

This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's economy was severely affected by the global financial crisis. The recovery is now under way, fueled by growth on the Mainl...