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Tax Administration Reform in China

Tax Administration Reform in China »

Source: Tax Administration Reform in China : Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities

Volume/Issue: 2016/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Brondolo , and Zhiyong Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2016

ISBN: 9781475523614

Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Administration Reform, China Tax Administration

Tax administration improvements have contributed significantly to a doubling of China's tax-to-GDP ratio and the substantial reduction in taxpayers' compliance costs since the mid-1990s. This paper describes the ke...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

The Economic Reform Process in Russia

The Economic Reform Process in Russia »

Source: The Economic Reform Process in Russia

Volume/Issue: 1993/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Henri Lorie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

ISBN: 9781451847574

Keywords: price liberalization, privatization, enterprise reform, balance of payments, enterprise sector

Although various factors point to a more arduous and longer transition in Russia than in Eastern Europe, the broad policy approach should be similar. A necessary condition for effective macroeconomic stabilization...

Political Risk Aversion

Political Risk Aversion »

Source: Political Risk Aversion

Volume/Issue: 2009/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Valderrama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873412

Keywords: Individual uncertainty, Innovation, Dynamic voting, Institutional reform., new technology, technology choice, institutional reform, investors, expropriation, Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty,

This paper studies the effect of individual uncertainty on collective decision-making to implement innovation. We show how individual uncertainty creates a bias for the status quo even under irreversible voting dec...

China's Trade Flows

China's Trade Flows »

Source: China's Trade Flows : Changing Price Sensitivies and the Reform Process

Volume/Issue: 1999/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anuradha Dayal-Gulati , and Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451841619

Keywords: Trade reform, Price elasticity, Econometric models, reer, export volumes, foreign trade, export prices, export subsidies

Over the past 20 years, the Chinese authorities have undertaken wide-ranging reforms of their exchange and trade systems that have steadily reduced the role of planning and increased the importance of market forces...

China

China »

Source: China : An Evolving Market Economy: A Review of Reform Experience

Volume/Issue: 1992/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , and Michael Bell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

ISBN: 9781451851212

Keywords: foreign trade, state-owned enterprises, aggregate demand, contract responsibility system, output growth, Economic Reform,

This paper examines China’s reform experience since 1978, reviewing major initiatives taken and assessing their impact on economic structure and their implications for macroeconomic management and stability....

Income Uncertainty and Household Savings in China

Income Uncertainty and Household Savings in China »

Source: Income Uncertainty and Household Savings in China

Volume/Issue: 2010/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kai Liu , Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455211708

Keywords: household savings, income uncertainty, buffer-stock savings, pension, pension reform, retirement, survey, calibration,

China's household saving rate has increased markedly since the mid-1990s and the age-savings profile has become U-shaped. We find that rising income uncertainty and pension reforms help explain both of these phenom...

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy »

Source: Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy : Experiences and Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 1997/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katherine Baer , and Carlos Silvani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451980394

Keywords: tax administration, tax system, tax administration reform, tax collection, tax administrations

Building on previous FAD work in the tax administration field, this paper defines broad criteria for diagnosing the problems in a country’s tax administration and formulating an appropriate reform strategy....

Corporate Governance Quality

Corporate Governance Quality »

Source: Corporate Governance Quality : Trends and Real Effects

Volume/Issue: 2006/293

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , Gianni De Nicolo , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865530

Keywords: disclosure, shareholders, corporate governance reform, shareholder, shareholders ? rights, stakeholders, Corporate Finance and Governance: General,

This paper constructs a composite index of corporate governance quality, documents its evolution from 1994 through 2003 in selected emerging and developed economies, and assesses its impact on aggregate and corpora...

Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies »

Source: Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

Volume/Issue: 1990/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1990

ISBN: 9781451939569

Keywords: banking, central bank, banking system, national bank, monetary policy, Economic Reform,

This paper reviews key areas of central banking reform in a sample of centrally planned economies undergoing transition to market-based systems. The discussion draws mainly on the experiences of four countries, Hun...