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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Introduction The global gross debt of the nonfinancial sector has more than doubled in nominal terms since the turn of the century, reaching $152 trillion in 2015....

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

This appendix comprises four sections. Data and Conventions provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. Fiscal Policy Assumptions summarizes the cou...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Cyclical balance Cyclical component of the overall fiscal balance, computed as the difference between cyclical revenues and cyclical expenditures. The latter are typically computed using country...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2016

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2016 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on Septemb...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

At 225 percent of world GDP, the global debt of the nonfinancial sector—comprising the general government, households, and nonfinancial firms—is currently at an all-time high. Two-thirds, amounting to about...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Drawing on an expanded data set covering emerging markets and low-income countries as well as advanced economies, this issue examines the extent and makeup of global debt and asks what role fiscal policy can play i...

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply »

Source: The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply : Evidence From Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2011/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Moura , Caio Piza , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455259366

Keywords: land-titling, quantile regression, propensity score, land title, property rights, child labor, labor market, urban poor, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Time Allocation and Labor Supply

This paper studies the effects of property-titling on labor supply. The role of legal ownership security is isolated by comparing the effect that being part of, or excluded from, a land title program in a unique qu...

Asian crisis and tax policy: Tax reforms could foster recovery by facilitating corporate restructuring

Asian crisis and tax policy: Tax reforms could foster recovery by facilitating corporate restructuring »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 06

Volume/Issue: 28/6

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451934199

Keywords: central bank, public debt, interest rates, balance of payments, debt

In a statement issued on March 8, IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus announced his intention to recommend to the IMF Executive Board that it approve the revised economic program for 1999-2001 proposed by the Br...

Unctad update: FDI flows to Asian crisis countries prove resilient

Unctad update: FDI flows to Asian crisis countries prove resilient »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 06

Volume/Issue: 28/6

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451934199

Keywords: central bank, public debt, interest rates, balance of payments, debt

In a statement issued on March 8, IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus announced his intention to recommend to the IMF Executive Board that it approve the revised economic program for 1999-2001 proposed by the Br...

Prices and demand respond to liberalization of trade policy in China

Prices and demand respond to liberalization of trade policy in China »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 06

Volume/Issue: 28/6

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451934199

Keywords: central bank, public debt, interest rates, balance of payments, debt

In a statement issued on March 8, IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus announced his intention to recommend to the IMF Executive Board that it approve the revised economic program for 1999-2001 proposed by the Br...