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Background Document 3: The Equilibrium Exchange Rate: Alternative Concepts and Their Applications in IMF Surveillance

Background Document 3: The Equilibrium Exchange Rate: Alternative Concepts and Their Applications in IMF Surveillance »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

Introduction 1. This background document surveys major recent approaches to modeling an equilibrium exchange rate, 1 and reviews how IMF economists...

Background Document 4: Characteristics of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance: A Full Review of Country Documents

Background Document 4: Characteristics of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance: A Full Review of Country Documents »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document describes how exchange rate issues were treated in the last two Article IV consultations of the 1999–2005 period. 1 For this purpose, the IEO reviewed...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Against the backdrop of the global outlook discussed in Chapter 1, this chapter analyzes prospects and policy issues in the major industrial countries and in the main regional groupings of emerging market an...

Chapter 5 The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business Cycle

Chapter 5 The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business Cycle »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2007 : Globalization and Inequality

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066885

Keywords: capital inflows, globalization, private capital, output volatility, private capital flows

From 2004 to the present, the world economy has enjoyed its strongest period of sustained growth since the late 1960s and early 1970s, while inflation has remained at low levels. Not only has recent global g...

CHAPTER 2 COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES

CHAPTER 2 COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2011 : Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery: Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350598

Keywords: capital flows, net capital flows, private capital flows, inflation

The global economy is now two years into its recovery. From the outset, it was expected to be a multispeed recovery—the April 2009 World Economic Outlook projected t...

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document summarizes the results from the IEO survey of country authorities and IMF staff. The first section sets out the methodology. The second section summarizes the main survey find-ing...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2012

ISBN: 9781616352462

Keywords: debt, exporters, commodity exporters, household debt

The world economy has changed dramatically since September 2011. European growth has slowed sharply, and many economies in the region are now in or close to recession. In the Middle East and Nor...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policy Issues

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policy Issues »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Global Economic Environment The global expansion was broad-based in the first half of 2006, with activity in most regions meeting or exceeding expectations, and recent indicators sug...

CHAPTER 2 COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES

CHAPTER 2 COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2011 : Slowing Growth, Rising Risks

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616351199

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, current account, fiscal policy, fiscal consolidation

The global economy has slowed, financial volatility and investor risk aversion have sharply increased, and performance has continued to diverge across regions (Figure 2.1). In the United States,...

Chapter 4 Do Financial Crises Have Lasting Effects On Trade?

Chapter 4 Do Financial Crises Have Lasting Effects On Trade? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069473

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports

One of the most notable features of the Great Recession was the “sudden, severe, and synchronized” collapse in trade in late 2008 and early 2009 (Baldwin, 2009). In the half-year en...