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Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

Appendix 1

Appendix 1 »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

IMF Membership: Quotas, and Allocations and Holdings of SDRs (Millions of SDRs and percent; as of April 30, 2015)...

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Eastern European countries were among the pioneers in introducing mandatory privately funded schemes into their pension systems. Their approach to pension privatization,...

II. Allocation of Portfolio Investment Assets Among Major Partner Countries

II. Allocation of Portfolio Investment Assets Among Major Partner Countries »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

TABLE II.1 PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS OF EQUITY SECURITIES AT END-DECEMBER 1997 (in millions of US dollars) C...

7 The Role of Financial Institutions in the Transition to a Market Economy

7 The Role of Financial Institutions in the Transition to a Market Economy »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

Policymakers in the formerly centrally planned economies face the formidable task of creating functioning market economies in environments in which market mechanisms have been suppr...

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have much to offer. They can contribute to the economic development of their home countries by, for example, helping to diversify income sources for commodity-dependent economie...

Are Foreign Investors in Emerging Market Economies a Panic-Prone Herd?

Are Foreign Investors in Emerging Market Economies a Panic-Prone Herd? »

Source: Financial Globalization : The Impact on Trade, Policy, Labor, and Capital Flows

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589065710

Keywords: globalization, capital markets, capital account liberalization, financial globalization

What are the consequences of herdlike behavior? Episodes of high volatility in international capital flows to emerging market economies in the 199...

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

The economic transformation of former centrally planned economies has been accompanied by large declines in output, significant changes in relative prices, and, at least initially, rapid increases in inflati...

13. Roundtable on Financial Reforms and Their Implementation

13. Roundtable on Financial Reforms and Their Implementation »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

In this roundtable, we have been asked to address three basic questions that arose in the various sessions of the conference: How to handle the issue of bank portfolios or how to de...

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Liu Zhongli I am very pleased to address this session focusing on economic reform, because China itself has been undertaking broad and deep reforms. Over the past 15 years, China has...