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ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Source: ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia »

Source: Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 1995/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850406

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, inflation rates, relative price, price level

The vertiginous increases in the overall price level and dramatic swings in relative prices experienced by Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan since the onset of the transition...

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness »

Source: Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness : An Empirical Approach

Volume/Issue: 2011/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Massara , and Luca Errico

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902964

Keywords: systemic, DOTS, network analysis, cross-border spillovers, contagion, trade sector, global trade, financial sector, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics

The paper focuses on systemically important jurisdictions in the global trade network, complementing recent IMF work on systemically important financial sectors. Using the IMF's Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)...

People’s Republic of China: Selected Issues

People’s Republic of China: Selected Issues »

Source: People's Republic of China : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1996

ISBN: 9781451807776

Keywords: tax administration, tax system, tax revenue, tax exemptions, fiscal reforms

This Selected Issues paper examines the decline in the revenue-to-GDP ratio for the People's Republic of China. In common with most transition countries, China has experienced a sharp decline in fiscal revenues sin...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Source: The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

Recovery and Growth in Transition: A Decade of Evidence

Recovery and Growth in Transition: A Decade of Evidence »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, Special Issue, Transition Economies, How Much Progress?

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Richard Haas , Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061262

Keywords: international monetary fund, macroeconomic stabilization, budget constraints, structural reform

...

What Moves Capital to Transition Economies?

What Moves Capital to Transition Economies? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, Special Issue, Transition Economies, How Much Progress?

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Richard Haas , Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061262

Keywords: international monetary fund, macroeconomic stabilization, budget constraints, structural reform

...

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks1

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks1 »

Source: Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks

Volume/Issue: 2019/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chiara Broccolini , Giulia Lotti , Alessandro Maffioli , Andrea Presbitero , and Rodolfo Stucchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393864

Keywords: Official development assistance, International bond markets, Sovereign credit ratings, International financial markets, Poverty reduction and development, Multilateral Development Banks;Private Capital Flows;Mobilization Effects;Catalytic Finance;Syndicated loans;syndicated loan;MDB;outcome variable;mobilization;bond issuance

We use loan-level data on syndicated lending to a large sample of developing countries between 1993 and 2017 to estimate the mobilization effects of multilateral development banks (MDBs), controlling for a large se...