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Russia and the WTO

Russia and the WTO »

Source: Russia and the WTO : The "Gravity" of Outsider Status

Volume/Issue: 2004/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yaroslav Lissovolik , and Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857702

Keywords: WTO, gravity model, Russia, dummy variable, trade restrictions, trading partners, statistics, import duties, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Environment,

With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper applies the gravity model to gauge whether this "outsider" status has been affecting Russia's exp...

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Two key indicators of a government’s (or society’s) commitment to equalizing opportunities and reducing poverty and social exclusion are the share of total income devote...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Inequality is at the forefront of the economic policy debate in much of the world. This interest comes in the wake of the sizable increases in income disparities that ma...

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+ »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction China provides an important case for analyzing the long-term evolution of household income inequality. Since the first wave of economic liberalization in the late 1970s,...

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Property taxes are widely regarded as an efficient and equitable means of raising revenue, but this revenue potential is largely untapped in many countries....

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter addresses the issue of fiscal consolidation design in an oil-dependent country, the Republic of Congo, with a limited remaining lifetime of oil reserves and...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...

Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now

Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In 1987 the IMF Staff Papers published “The Measurement and Alleviation of Poverty: With an Application to the Impact of Macroeconomic Adjustment” (Kanbur 1987). This pa...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...