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The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration »

Source: The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration

Volume/Issue: 2004/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451849622

Keywords: international financial integration, growth, capital scarcity, neoclassical model, financial integration, international financial, capital inflows, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Standard theoretical arguments tell us that countries with relatively little capital benefit from financial integration as foreign capital flows in and speeds up the process of income convergence. We show in a cali...

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries »

Source: FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries : Global Drivers and Growth Implications

Volume/Issue: 2010/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201150

Keywords: FDI, Business Cycle, Low-income Countries, host country, direct investment, bilateral trade, foreign direct investment, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, International Factor Movements And International Business,

What accounts for variations in FDI flows from advanced to developing countries? How have FDI inflows explained cross-country growth experiences? In this paper we tackle both these questions empirically for a large...

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis »

Source: Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498339216

Keywords: Global crisis, Current account adjustment, current account, current account balance, current account balances,

This paper has two objectives. First, it reviews the recent dynamics of global imbalances (both 'flow' and 'stock' imbalances), with a special focus on the shifting position of Latin America in the global distribut...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports*

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports* »

Source: China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports

Volume/Issue: 2017/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yibin Mu , Chu Wang , and Dong Frank Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335406

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Development, Exports, Growth, China Economy, SSA, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

The analysis of China's impacts on the 44 SSA countries reveals that: (i) after joining the WTO in 2001, China has started to impact significantly on SSA growth: one-percent increase in China's GDP per capita leads...