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The Paradox of Capital

The Paradox of Capital »

Source: Financial Globalization : The Impact on Trade, Policy, Labor, and Capital Flows

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589065710

Keywords: globalization, capital markets, capital account liberalization, financial globalization

Is foreign capital associated with economic growth and, if not, why does it flow “uphill”? Standard economic theory tells us that financial capita...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Property taxes are widely regarded as an efficient and equitable means of raising revenue, but this revenue potential is largely untapped in many countries....

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction The long-term challenges facing Brazil’s pension system are well documented. Recognizing these challenges, the authorities have sought to advance reforms. Much of the de...

3 The Link Between Price Liberalization and Macroeconomic Management

3 The Link Between Price Liberalization and Macroeconomic Management »

Source: Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

Marcelo Selowsky The topic I have been given is a complex one. It becomes even more complex when considered in light of the wide variety of countries represented at this seminar: Lat...

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different?

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different? »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As is well known, generating growth in low-income countries with low capital stock, limited access to credit, and poor education systems is very challenging, and this phenomenon has been well studied in the...

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Public pension systems are key instruments of social policy: they prevent poverty after retirement and limit the difference between pre- and postretirement consumption l...

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+ »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction China provides an important case for analyzing the long-term evolution of household income inequality. Since the first wave of economic liberalization in the late 1970s,...

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...