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3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

The IMF’s financial assistance for low-income countries (LICs) is composed of concessional loans and debt relief. Concessional lending began in the 1970s and has expanded since. In July 2009, the IM...

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF is a cooperative institution that lends money to its member countries experiencing temporary balance of payments financing problems on the condition that the borrower undertake economic adjustment an...

APPENDIX IX Financial Statements April 30, 2001

APPENDIX IX Financial Statements April 30, 2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP Suite 900 1900 K Street Washington DC 20006 Telephone (202) 822 4000 Facsimile...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Property taxes are widely regarded as an efficient and equitable means of raising revenue, but this revenue potential is largely untapped in many countries....

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2010 : The MDGs after the Crisis

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455215959

Keywords: hiv/aids, safety nets, maternal mortality, external shocks, infant mortality

Historically, periods of sharp contraction have been extremely harmful for human development. Social indicators tend to deteriorate rapidly during economic downturns and improve slowly during ec...

Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now

Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In 1987 the IMF Staff Papers published “The Measurement and Alleviation of Poverty: With an Application to the Impact of Macroeconomic Adjustment” (Kanbur 1987). This pa...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Surveillance in Action

CHAPTER 2 IMF Surveillance in Action »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF’s charter—or Articles of Agreement—directs it to oversee the exchange rate policies of its member countries in order to ensure the effective operation of the international monetary system. To this en...

7 Trade Elasticities and the Exchange Rate

7 Trade Elasticities and the Exchange Rate »

Source: External Performance in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Chapters 1 and 2 of this paper discussed the macrobalance approach, which is one method a researcher can use to determine the extent to which a country’s current account balance deviates from it...

6 Import and Export Elasticities

6 Import and Export Elasticities »

Source: External Performance in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

This chapter sets out the details of a methodology that can be used to calculate export supply and import demand elasticities without using econometrics. There is a long tradition in estimating trade elastic...