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New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis »

Source: Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2011/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dorsey , Mika Saito , Armine Khachatryan , Irena Asmundson , and Ioana Niculcea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455212507

Keywords: Crisis, survey, export credit, surveys, export credit insurance, export credit agencies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Other, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Global merchandise trade sharply declined in late 2008 and early 2009, and some press and financial market reports assigned a large role for the decline to trade finance. However, the available evidence suggests th...

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region »

Source: Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joe Crowley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870428

Keywords: Credit Growth, Oil Inflows, export growth, oil producers, oil export,

Rapid private sector credit growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia has been a result of strong economic growth, financial deepening, and banks’ willingness to explore consumer credit marke...

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia : What is the Role of Oil?

Volume/Issue: 2008/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870749

Keywords: trade elasticities, current account adjustment, export prices, exporting countries, export volume, oil exports, oil exporters,

The analysis in this paper suggests that import and export volume elasticities are markedly lower in oil-exporting Middle East and Central Asian countries than in non-oil countries in the region. A key implication...

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis »

Source: Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498339216

Keywords: Global crisis, Current account adjustment, current account, current account balance, current account balances,

This paper has two objectives. First, it reviews the recent dynamics of global imbalances (both 'flow' and 'stock' imbalances), with a special focus on the shifting position of Latin America in the global distribut...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy: A Primer

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy: A Primer »

Source: What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2000/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855807

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, health expenditure, public health, health policy, health insurance

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need in situations where they must address issues concerning health sector policy and when they have significant macroeconomic imp...

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy? »

Source: What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

Volume/Issue: 2007/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865776

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, public health, health expenditure, health policy, health sector, National Government Expenditures and Health, Analysis of Health Care Markets,

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need to address issues concerning health sector policy, particularly when they have significant macroeconomic implications. Such i...

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage »

Source: Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage : Are there Growth Spillovers?

Volume/Issue: 2011/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463924669

Keywords: low-income countries, BRICs, Global VAR, Structural VAR, exporters, commodity prices, oil exporters, commodity exporters, oil prices, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Trade and financial ties between low-income countries (LICs) and Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRICs) have expanded rapidly in recent years. This gives rise to the potential for growth to spill over from the la...