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Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

The Mexican Financial Crisis

The Mexican Financial Crisis »

Source: The Mexican Financial Crisis : A Test of the Resilience of the Markets for Developing Country Securities

Volume/Issue: 1995/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shogo Ishii , and David Andrew

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451855326

Keywords: bond issues, bond, bonds, international bond issues, international bond

This paper reviews developments in private capital flows to developing countries since the Mexican financial crisis in December 1994. The paper points out that a strong recovery in these flows masks some significan...

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow"

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" »

Source: And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" : Further Quest for Economic Growth in Poor Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Beaugrand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451846003

Keywords: Growth, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Schumpeter, J.A., economic growth, entrepreneurs, per capita income, J.A,

The paper reviews the “stylized facts” on economic growth gathered by Easterly and Levine in their 2001 joint paper and illustrates some of the points made on the basis of data from the IMF’s W...

Statistical Legislation

Statistical Legislation »

Source: Statistical Legislation : Toward a More General Framework

Volume/Issue: 2002/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sarmad Khawaja , and Thomas Morrison

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451859041

Keywords: Statistical legislation, official statistics, statistics, law, statistical information, statistical system, surveys, Other Special Topics: General,

The paper outlines a general framework for statistical legislation. The implications of statistical legislation for the whole statistical system, as well as for centralized versus decentralized statistical systems,...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports*

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports* »

Source: China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports

Volume/Issue: 2017/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yibin Mu , Chu Wang , and Dong Frank Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335406

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Development, Exports, Growth, China Economy, SSA, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

The analysis of China's impacts on the 44 SSA countries reveals that: (i) after joining the WTO in 2001, China has started to impact significantly on SSA growth: one-percent increase in China's GDP per capita leads...

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries »

Source: Spillovers to Low-Income Countries : Importance of Systemic Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2012/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Raphael Espinoza , and Sarwat Jahan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937102

Keywords: Growth Spillovers, Low-Income Countries, Decoupling, Panel Estimate, real gdp, gdp growth, commodity prices, commodity exporters, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper documents the expanding economic linkages between low-income countries (LICs) and a narrow group of "Emerging Market leaders" that have become major players in regional and global trade and financial flo...

Trends in Gender Equality and Women's Advancement*

Trends in Gender Equality and Women's Advancement* »

Source: Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Volume/Issue: 2016/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , Sakina Shibuya , Lisa Kolovich , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475592955

Keywords: Economics of gender, gender indicators, indices, women, gender equality, life expectancy, mortality, maternal mortality, General, All Countries

This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Prog...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers »

Source: Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513542928

Keywords: shocks, spillover, network, balance of payments, imports, import, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper proposes a method for assessing international spillovers from nominal demand shocks. It quantifies the impact of a shock in one country on all other countries. The paper concludes that the network effect...