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2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The IMF resources are held in the General Department, which consists of three separate accounts: the General Resources Account (GRA), the Special Disbursement Account (SDA), and the Investment Account (IA)....

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

The IMF resources are held in the General Department, which consists of three separate accounts: the General Resources Account (GRA), the Special Disbursement Account (SDA), and the Investment Account (IA)....

8 Strengthening the Russian Banking System: The International Standard Banks Program

8 Strengthening the Russian Banking System: The International Standard Banks Program »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

In Russia, financial reform has lagged behind privatization. Concern is now developing that the advantages of privatization may be reduced and the economic recovery slowed by the ab...

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter focuses on two of the many pension-related challenges facing most countries around the world: increasing intergenerational equity and reducing the still-pre...

Chapter 17. Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization, and Transfer Dependency

Chapter 17. Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization, and Transfer Dependency »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Within the context of reigniting postcrisis macroeconomic growth, income inequality has emerged as a topic of significant interest for both academics and policymakers (B...

Chapter 3. Inequality and Fiscal Redistribution in Advanced Economies

Chapter 3. Inequality and Fiscal Redistribution in Advanced Economies »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction A number of surveys have found increasing concern among populations about high inequality in their countries and revealed growing public support for more redistribution...

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix »

Source: Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

Anne O. Krueger The Need for an Outward Orientation The first point to be made in talking about structural adjustment, stabilization, and growth in al...

2 Financial and Enterprise Restructuring in Emerging Market Economies

2 Financial and Enterprise Restructuring in Emerging Market Economies »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

Building sound financial systems is fundamental to developing viable market economies where central planning once prevailed. In a market economy, it is the financial system that cha...

4 Financial Underdevelopment and Macroeconomic Stabilization in Russia

4 Financial Underdevelopment and Macroeconomic Stabilization in Russia »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

Macroeconomic stabilization has proved to be one of the most problematic aspects of the transition in Russia. This fact is troubling because macroeconomic stabilization is merely a...

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of governmen...