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Costs of Administering Public and Private Pension Plans

Costs of Administering Public and Private Pension Plans »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates »

Source: IMF Applications of Purchasing Power Parity Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2010/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209538

Keywords: International Comparison Program, household goods, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

The IMF's main uses of the International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of purchasing power parity (PPP)-adjusted Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are as an element of the formula used to help guide decisions on...

International Reserves

International Reserves »

Source: International Reserves : Precautionary vs. Mercantilist Views, Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2005/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Aizenman , and Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862171

Keywords: mercantilist, hoarding, capital account liberalization, financial intermediation, stock of capital, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper compares the importance of precautionary and mercantilist motives in the hoarding of international reserves by developing countries. Overall, empirical results support precautionary motives; in particula...

Determinants of Corporate Investment in China

Determinants of Corporate Investment in China »

Source: Determinants of Corporate Investment in China : Evidence From Cross-Country Firm Level Data

Volume/Issue: 2012/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nan Geng , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502329

Keywords: capital market, domestic capital, domestic capital market, capital output ratio

This paper analyzes the evolution of investment in China, its main features, and its key determinants. In recent years, manufacturing, real estate, and infrastructure have been the main drivers of investment. Inves...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Selected Issues

People’s Republic of China—Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Selected Issues »

Source: People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484395776

Keywords: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, Asia and Pacific

Selected Issues...