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Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology »

Source: The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

Volume/Issue: 2013/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , Luis Catão , Luca Ricci , Rudolfs Bems , Mitali Das , Julian Di Giovanni , Filiz Unsal , Marola Castillo , Jungjin Lee , Jair Rodriguez , and Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484346686

Keywords: net foreign assets, current accounts, private credit, reserve currency, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology has been developed by the IMF's Research Department as a successor to the CGER methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates in a multilaterally con...

Structural Reforms, Financial Liberalization, and Foreign Direct Investment

Structural Reforms, Financial Liberalization, and Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Source: Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

IMF Lending

IMF Lending »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 35/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451968132

Keywords: international monetary fund, debt, budget, Labor market, Budget Policy and Planning, Cost-benefit Analysis, Debtor and Creditor, Economic Development. Finance, Economic History, Financial Liberalization

Funding the IMF; Middle East and Central Asia economic outlook; Is globalization a choice?; Latin American reform; Trade conference; Aid effectiveness; Long-term interest rates in G7 countries; Wage flexibility; Jo...

Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere: Seizing the Moment

Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere: Seizing the Moment »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 08

Volume/Issue: 35/8

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451968095

Keywords: international monetary fund, economic cooperation, development economics, Employees. Resignation, International Economic Cooperation, International Monetary Fund (imf). Finance, Krueger, Anne O, Organizational Change, Petroleum Products. Prices

Spring Meeting overview; IMFC communique; IMF medium-term strategy; Krueger to resign; World Economic Outlook; Sub-Saharan Africa outlook; Asia outlook; Western Hemisphere outlook; Dealing with scaled-up aid....

Latin America: The Quest For Sustained Reform

Latin America: The Quest For Sustained Reform »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 35/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451968132

Keywords: international monetary fund, debt, budget, Labor market, Budget Policy and Planning, Cost-benefit Analysis, Debtor and Creditor, Economic Development. Finance, Economic History, Financial Liberalization

Funding the IMF; Middle East and Central Asia economic outlook; Is globalization a choice?; Latin American reform; Trade conference; Aid effectiveness; Long-term interest rates in G7 countries; Wage flexibility; Jo...

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts »

Source: An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts

Volume/Issue: 2006/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Timmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863192

Keywords: Global economic condition, forecast performance, and evaluation, inflation, statistics, correlation, inflation forecasts, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation, Prices, Business Fluctuations

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a key source of forecasts of global economic conditions. It is therefore important to review the performance of these forecasts against both actual outcomes and alternative forec...

A Tax on Imports is a Tax on Exports

A Tax on Imports is a Tax on Exports »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 10

Volume/Issue: 35/10

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451968187

Keywords: international monetary fund, exchange rate, international trade, low inflation, Foreign investments, Consensus (social Sciences), Doha Round (2001-), Economic Development. Government Policy, Economic Shocks, Export Taxation

De Rato on global imbalances; Committee to study IMF finances; IMF management change; Country briefs: Maldives, Israel; Emerging soverign debt markets; Euro area imbalances; Preference erosion; Import protection; E...

Emerging Markets in Transition

Emerging Markets in Transition »

Source: Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...