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Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Source: Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Global Imbalances

Global Imbalances »

Source: Global Imbalances : In Midstream?

Volume/Issue: 2009/29

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462333387

Keywords: Financial crisis, Capital flows, Asset prices, Current account deficits, Cross country analysis, Capital markets, Private savings, Private investment, Investment, International financial system

...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth »

Source: The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

Inclusive Growth

Inclusive Growth »

Source: Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region »

Source: Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joe Crowley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870428

Keywords: Credit Growth, Oil Inflows, export growth, oil producers, oil export,

Rapid private sector credit growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia has been a result of strong economic growth, financial deepening, and banks’ willingness to explore consumer credit marke...

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis »

Source: Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2011/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dorsey , Mika Saito , Armine Khachatryan , Irena Asmundson , and Ioana Niculcea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455212507

Keywords: Crisis, survey, export credit, surveys, export credit insurance, export credit agencies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Other, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Global merchandise trade sharply declined in late 2008 and early 2009, and some press and financial market reports assigned a large role for the decline to trade finance. However, the available evidence suggests th...