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Parity Reversion in Real Exchange Rates: Fast, Slow, or Not at All?

Parity Reversion in Real Exchange Rates: Fast, Slow, or Not at All? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 1

Volume: 53

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065093

Keywords: russia, trade flows, import duties, standard errors, trade restrictions, Capital Stock, Credit Market, Economic Shocks, Estimation Theory, Expertise

This first issue for 2006 is anchored by two papers on Russia. The opening paper discusses Russia and the World Trade Organization, and the concluding paper, by John Odling-Smee (former Director of the IMF's Europe...

Adding Depth

Adding Depth »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2006

Volume/Issue: 43/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451922479

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial integration, financial markets, pension reform, financial development

Asia Rising -- explores Asia's role in the world economy, the challenges faced from globalization, the quest for greater regional financial integration, the problem of lagging investment, and why East Asia performe...

The Coming Surge in Regional Planning: Too often national plans have ignored or even helped to worsen regional economic disparities

The Coming Surge in Regional Planning: Too often national plans have ignored or even helped to worsen regional economic disparities »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1974

ISBN: 9781616353179

Keywords: multinational corporations, world markets, industrial development, foreign investment, foreign corporations

This paper describes the technical improvement in developing countries. It highlights that developing countries have relied heavily for their industrial development upon foreign enterprises as sources of technology...

IMF Working Papers

IMF Working Papers »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, September 2005

Volume/Issue: 6/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451929942

Keywords: capital flows, international capital, international capital flows, capital mobility, Equality, Institutional Change, Institutions, International Capital Market, Natural Resources. Economic Aspects, Population. Economic Aspects

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

Bank Group Activity

Bank Group Activity »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1974

ISBN: 9781616353179

Keywords: multinational corporations, world markets, industrial development, foreign investment, foreign corporations

This paper describes the technical improvement in developing countries. It highlights that developing countries have relied heavily for their industrial development upon foreign enterprises as sources of technology...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

The Mexican Financial Crisis

The Mexican Financial Crisis »

Source: The Mexican Financial Crisis : A Test of the Resilience of the Markets for Developing Country Securities

Volume/Issue: 1995/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shogo Ishii , and David Andrew

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451855326

Keywords: bond issues, bond, bonds, international bond issues, international bond

This paper reviews developments in private capital flows to developing countries since the Mexican financial crisis in December 1994. The paper points out that a strong recovery in these flows masks some significan...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...